Discover the beauty and care requirements of the Philodendron bipinnatifidum, also known as the horsehead philodendron. Learn about its unique characteristics, propagation methods, and common issues that may arise. Enhance your indoor space with this stunning houseplant.


Are you a plant lover looking to enhance your indoor space with a touch of greenery? If so, you’ve probably come across the Philodendron bipinnatifidum, commonly known as the horsehead philodendron or Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of this unique plant, including its care requirements, propagation methods, and common issues that may arise. So, if you’re curious about adding a philodendron bipinnatifidum to your indoor jungle, keep reading to learn all about this stunning houseplant.

The Philodendron Bipinnatifidum: A Majestic Beauty

The Philodendron bipinnatifidum is a tropical plant native to the rainforests of South America. It belongs to the Araceae family and is known for its large, glossy, deeply lobed leaves, which can span an impressive 2 to 3 feet in width. The plant’s common names, horsehead philodendron or Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum, stem from the uniquely shaped leaves, which resemble the head of a horse. This feature, along with its vibrant green color, makes the philodendron bipinnatifidum a gorgeous addition to any indoor space.

Care Tips for Philodendron Bipinnatifidum

To ensure the health and vitality of your philodendron bipinnatifidum, it’s essential to provide it with the proper care. Here are some tips to help you create the ideal environment for your plant to thrive:

1. Soil: The philodendron bipinnatifidum prefers well-draining soil. Use a mix of compost, perlite, gravel, and orchid bark or coco coir to provide the perfect balance of moisture retention and aeration.

2. Light: Place your philodendron bipinnatifidum in a location that receives a mix of bright direct and indirect light. A south-facing window is ideal, as it provides ample sunlight without causing the leaves to burn.

3. Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged. Water the plant until water runs through the drainage holes, and water again when the top of the soil feels dry to the touch.

4. Temperature: The philodendron bipinnatifidum thrives in temperatures between 60 to 75°F (16 to 24°C). Avoid exposing the plant to extreme temperature fluctuations or cold drafts.

5. Humidity: This tropical plant loves high humidity levels. Aim to maintain a humidity level of 70-80%. You can achieve this by using methods such as a pebble tray, a humidifier, or misting the leaves regularly.

6. Fertilizer: Feed your philodendron bipinnatifidum once a month during the spring and summer using a diluted organic fertilizer. Avoid over-fertilization, as it can cause salt buildup in the soil.

7. Propagation: You can propagate your philodendron bipinnatifidum through stem cuttings. Simply take a healthy stem cutting, dip it in rooting hormone, and place it in moist soil until roots develop.

8. Growth: Be prepared for a slow growth rate with your philodendron bipinnatifidum. It can take 15 to 20 years for the plant to reach its full maturity, reaching heights of 5 feet or more.

9. Potting: Repot your philodendron bipinnatifidum every two years in a slightly larger pot. Spring or summer is the best time for repotting to ensure a smooth transition for the plant.

Common Issues and How to Address Them

Although the philodendron bipinnatifidum is a relatively hardy plant, it can still face some issues. Being aware of these problems and knowing how to address them will help you ensure the long-term health of your plant.

  1. Pests: Common pests that can affect the philodendron bipinnatifidum include aphids, mealybugs, scale, and spider mites. Regularly inspect your plant for signs of infestation, such as sticky residues, curled leaves, or tiny specks on the foliage. Treat infestations with neem oil or insecticidal soap, ensuring thorough coverage of the affected areas.

  2. Leaf Issues: Yellowing or drooping leaves can indicate overwatering or improper drainage. Adjust your watering routine to prevent waterlogged soil. Brown, crispy edges on the leaves may be a sign of underwatering or low humidity. Increase watering frequency or implement humidity-boosting methods such as misting or using a humidifier.

  3. Root Rot: Overwatering or poorly-draining soil can lead to root rot. Ensure your philodendron bipinnatifidum is planted in well-draining soil and allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. If root rot is suspected, remove affected roots, repot the plant in fresh soil, and adjust watering habits.

  4. Size Control: The philodendron bipinnatifidum can reach impressive heights and widths as it matures. To control its size, regular pruning is necessary. Remove any dead or yellowing leaves and trim back unruly growth. Additionally, to limit size and promote fuller growth, you can trim the aerial roots as desired.


The philodendron bipinnatifidum, with its majestic foliage and unique characteristics, is an excellent choice for adding a touch of the tropics to your indoor space. By following the care tips provided, you can create an environment where your philodendron bipinnatifidum will flourish. Be mindful of common issues such as pests, leaf problems, and proper watering techniques to maintain the health and beauty of your plant. With its stunning appearance and relatively easy care requirements, the philodendron bipinnatifidum is a houseplant that is sure to impress both you and your visitors.


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