Discover how to care for Philodendron bipennifolium aurea, a stunning house plant with golden variegated foliage. Learn about general care instructions, propagation methods, and common issues, and grow this tropical beauty successfully in your indoor space.


Are you a plant lover looking for a unique and stunning house plant to add to your collection? Look no further than the Philodendron bipennifolium aurea, also known as the Golden Split Leaf Philodendron. This tropical beauty will bring a touch of elegance and vibrancy to any indoor space. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of caring for the Philodendron bipennifolium aurea, including its general care instructions, propagation methods, and common issues that may arise. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced plant enthusiast, this guide will provide you with the knowledge and tips you need to successfully grow and maintain this stunning house plant.

General Care Instructions for Philodendron bipennifolium aurea

The Philodendron bipennifolium aurea is a foliage plant that requires specific care to thrive. While the exact care instructions for this particular variety may vary, we can derive general care guidelines from the Philodendron bipennifolium species. Here are the summarized care instructions:

  1. Soil: Use well-draining soil that doesn’t retain too much water to prevent root rot. A mixture of peat moss, perlite, and orchid bark works well.

  2. Light: Place the plant in indirect sunlight, preferably in a north or east-facing window. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can damage the leaves.

  3. Watering: Keep the soil moist, but avoid overwatering and saturating the soil. Water when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch.

  4. Temperature: Maintain daytime temperatures between 75°F (24°C) and 85°F (29°C), and nighttime temperatures between 65°F (18°C) and 70°F (21°C). Avoid extreme temperature fluctuations.

  5. Humidity: Philodendron bipennifolium aurea thrives in high humidity environments. Increase humidity by using methods like a humidifier, misting the leaves, or using a pebble tray filled with water.

  6. Fertilizer: Feed the plant approximately three times a year with a slow-release fertilizer. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging for proper dosage.

  7. Propagation: Philodendron bipennifolium aurea can be propagated through stem cuttings or air layering. Both methods have their unique requirements and techniques.

  8. Growth: The plant can grow between three and seven feet in height, depending on the support structure provided. To encourage vertical growth, provide a moss pole or trellis for the plant to climb.

  9. Potting: Repot the plant every two to three years using a slightly larger pot with fresh, well-draining soil. Avoid pots that are too large, as they can lead to overwatering and root rot.

Propagation Methods for Philodendron bipennifolium aurea

If you want to propagate your Philodendron bipennifolium aurea to grow more plants or give them as gifts to fellow plant enthusiasts, there are two main methods you can utilize: stem cutting and air layering.

  • Stem Cutting: Select a healthy stem with at least two or three nodes. Make a clean cut just below a node using a sharp, sterilized knife or pruning shears. Place the cutting in a glass of water or moist soil, ensuring that at least one node is submerged. Keep the cutting in a warm and humid environment until roots develop, then transplant it into a well-draining potting mix.

  • Air Layering: Locate a section of the stem that has a node and is suitable for air layering. Make a small wound on the stem just below the node, removing a small strip of bark. Apply moist sphagnum moss around the wound and wrap it with plastic wrap to retain moisture. Secure the moss and plastic wrap in place with string or twist ties. After roots have developed, carefully cut below the rooted area and transplant it into a pot with well-draining soil.

Common Issues with Philodendron bipennifolium aurea and Solutions

While the Philodendron bipennifolium aurea is a relatively resilient plant, it may encounter common issues. Here are some problems you may face and their potential solutions:

  1. Pests: Keep an eye out for common houseplant pests such as thrips, spider mites, mealybugs, and scale. If you spot any pests, remove them manually and treat the plant with diluted neem oil or appropriate insecticides.

  2. Brown Tips: Brown tips on the plant’s leaves can be a sign of low humidity, dry soil, or issues with water quality. Increase humidity levels, ensure the soil remains consistently moist, and use filtered water when watering.

  3. Drooping Leaves: Drooping leaves can be caused by various factors, including shock, cold temperatures, over/underwatering, overfertilizing, or pests. Assess your care routine and adjust accordingly to provide optimal conditions for the plant.

  4. Yellow Leaves: Yellow leaves can indicate overwatering, underwatering, nutrient deficiencies, or pest infestations. Examine your watering habits, ensure proper nutrient levels, and check for signs of pests. Adjust care accordingly based on the specific issue.


The Philodendron bipennifolium aurea, with its golden variegated foliage, is a striking addition to any indoor plant collection. By following the general care instructions, utilizing the propagation methods, and troubleshooting common issues, you can successfully grow and maintain this beautiful house plant. Remember to provide the right lighting conditions, maintain proper watering practices, and monitor humidity levels to ensure the health and vitality of your Philodendron bipennifolium aurea. With proper care, you can enjoy the stunning beauty of this tropical plant in your own home.


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