Discover the beauty and versatility of the philodendron domesticum. Learn about the different types, care instructions, propagation methods, and common issues faced by this stunning houseplant. Whether you're a seasoned plant parent or just starting out, this article has everything you need to know about philodendron domesticum.


Are you looking to add a touch of elegance and lushness to your indoor space? Look no further than the philodendron domesticum, a beautiful house plant that is sure to impress with its unique foliage. In this article, we will explore the different types of house plants within the philodendron domesticum category, providing detailed care instructions, propagation methods, and common issues faced by these plants. So, whether you’re a seasoned plant parent or just starting your indoor gardening journey, keep reading to discover the beauty and versatility of philodendron domesticum.

Types of Philodendron Domesticum

Philodendron domesticum, also known as Spade Leaf Philodendron or Burgundy Philodendron, encompasses a variety of house plants with their own distinct features. While specific information about the types of foliage plants within this category is limited, we can still appreciate the general attributes and characteristics of philodendron domesticum.

The main distinguishing feature of philodendron domesticum is its elongated, heart-shaped leaves that resemble spades or arrows. These leaves are typically green in color and have a glossy texture. The stem of the plant appears slightly purple, which is why it is also referred to as Burgundy Philodendron.

Care Instructions for Philodendron Domesticum

To ensure the health and vitality of your philodendron domesticum, it is essential to provide proper care and maintenance. Here are some care instructions to help you create an optimal environment for your plant:

  1. Light Exposure: Philodendron domesticum thrives in bright, indirect sunlight. Place your plant near a window with filtered light to provide the ideal growing conditions.

  2. Watering: Allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it is important to maintain a proper watering schedule.

  3. Yellow Leaves: Some yellowing of leaves is normal and may indicate that the plant is receiving too much sunlight. If excessive yellowing occurs, adjust the lighting conditions accordingly.

  4. Drooping Leaves: Drooping leaves can be a sign of overwatering or underwatering. Ensure that you are watering your plant appropriately and adjust as needed.

  5. Root Rot: Overwatering can lead to root rot, a serious condition that can harm your plant. To prevent root rot, use well-draining soil and allow it to dry out between waterings.

  6. Temperature and Humidity: Philodendrons prefer temperatures ranging from 18 to 27 degrees Celsius (65 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit). They thrive in medium levels of humidity, so consider using a humidifier or misting the leaves occasionally.

  7. Fertilizing: During the growing season (spring and summer), fertilize your philodendron domesticum once a month. During the dormancy period (autumn and winter), reduce fertilization to once every 6 to 8 weeks.

  8. Soil: Philodendrons require well-draining soil that retains moisture without becoming overly saturated. A palm soil mix is recommended for these plants.

  9. Propagation: Propagation of philodendron domesticum can be done through stem cuttings. Take healthy stems with a few leaves and nodes, and plant them in moist potting soil.

  10. Pruning: Prune your philodendron domesticum during the active growing season to promote healthy growth and maintain the desired shape. Remove any yellow or damaged leaves to keep the plant looking its best.

  11. Pests: Philodendrons can be susceptible to pests such as spider mites, mealybugs, scale insects, and thrips. Use natural pest control methods such as neem oil or insecticidal soap to manage these pests.

  12. Toxicity: It is important to note that philodendrons, including philodendron domesticum, are toxic to cats and dogs. Keep them out of reach of pets and trim any vines that may be accessible to prevent ingestion.

By following these care instructions, you can create a happy and healthy environment for your philodendron domesticum.

Common Issues with Philodendron Domesticum

While the specific common issues with philodendron domesticum are not extensively mentioned in the available sources, we can make some general observations based on the care requirements of philodendron plants:

  1. Pest Infestations: Philodendrons can be affected by common houseplant pests such as mealybugs, aphids, spider mites, and scale insects. Regularly inspect your plant for signs of infestation and treat accordingly.

  2. Leaf Problems: Brown tips on the leaves can indicate a need for more humidity or inconsistent watering. Adjust the humidity levels and watering routine to prevent leaf issues.

  3. Yellowing Leaves: Yellow leaves can have various causes, including overwatering, underwatering, improper lighting, or insect problems. Assess the plant’s conditions and make appropriate adjustments.

  4. Root Rot: Overwatering and improper drainage can lead to root rot. Ensure that you are providing proper drainage and allowing the soil to dry out between waterings to prevent this issue.

While these issues are not unique to philodendron domesticum, they are general concerns that can affect many philodendron varieties.


In conclusion, philodendron domesticum is a stunning and versatile house plant that can add elegance and vibrancy to any indoor space. While specific information about the types of foliage plants within this category is limited, we can appreciate the beauty and unique characteristics of philodendron domesticum as a whole. By following the care instructions provided, you can ensure the health and longevity of your philodendron domesticum. With proper care, your philodendron domesticum will thrive and become a focal point in your home, showcasing its gorgeous spade-shaped leaves and enriching your living environment.


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  4. 15 Best Large Leaf Philodendron Varieties. (n.d.). Balcony Garden Web.
  5. Philodendron Varieties: 61 Different Types of Philodendron Cultivars. (n.d.). All About Gardening.