Discover how to care for Begonia peltata, also known as Peacock begonia or Iron Cross begonia. From the right light and watering to temperature and humidity, this guide has all the tips you need. Learn about propagation techniques, common issues, and more. Start growing and enjoying the beauty of Begonia peltata today!


Are you looking to add a touch of elegance and beauty to your indoor space? Look no further than Begonia peltata, a stunning house plant that will captivate you with its unique features. In this article, we will explore the wonderful world of Begonia peltata, also known as the Peacock begonia or the Iron Cross begonia. We will delve into its care instructions, propagation methods, common issues, and more. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced plant lover, this guide will provide you with all the information you need to successfully grow and care for Begonia peltata.

Light Requirements

One of the essential factors for the healthy growth of Begonia peltata is providing the correct amount of light. This begonia thrives in indirect sunlight or partial shade. It should be placed in a location that receives bright but filtered light. While some morning sun is tolerated, direct sunlight can scorch the delicate leaves of Begonia peltata. Therefore, it is crucial to ensure that the plant is protected from intense afternoon sunlight.


Proper watering is essential for the well-being of Begonia peltata. It prefers regular watering without overwatering. Water the plant thoroughly about once a week, allowing the top half inch of soil to dry out before watering again. Overwatering should be avoided as it can lead to root rot, which can be detrimental to the health of the plant. By maintaining a consistent watering schedule and allowing the soil to dry out slightly between watering sessions, you can ensure the optimal moisture levels for Begonia peltata.

Soil Requirements

Choosing the right soil for Begonia peltata is crucial for its overall health and thriving. This begonia prefers well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. It is recommended to use a good quality potting mix that provides adequate drainage. If the soil becomes too compacted or waterlogged, it can lead to root rot or other issues. By selecting a well-draining soil mix and regularly checking the moisture levels, you can create an ideal environment for Begonia peltata.

Temperature and Humidity

Begonia peltata thrives in a consistent temperature range of 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (18 to 24 degrees Celsius). It is important to protect the plant from extreme cold or heat, as it can adversely affect its growth. Additionally, Begonia peltata appreciates some humidity, especially in dry indoor environments. You can increase the humidity around the plant by placing a saucer of water near it or using a humidifier. Maintaining suitable temperature and humidity levels will contribute to the overall health and vitality of Begonia peltata.

Fertilizer Needs

Applying fertilizer to Begonia peltata can help promote healthy growth and vibrant blooms. The specific fertilizer needs may vary depending on the cultivar, so it is important to carefully read and follow the instructions on the fertilizer package. In general, a diluted water-soluble fertilizer can be applied in spring to give the plant a boost. Regular deadheading of spent flowers is also important to encourage continuous blooming. By providing the right nutrients and maintaining proper deadheading practices, you can help your Begonia peltata thrive.

Common Issues

While Begonia peltata is generally a resilient plant, it can still encounter some common issues. Some potential pests include mealy bugs, spider mites, snails, and slugs. Precautionary measures can be taken to prevent pest infestations, such as regularly inspecting the plant, keeping the surrounding area clean, and promptly addressing any signs of pests. Additionally, proper watering techniques and well-drained soil can help prevent issues like root rot, stem rot, and powdery mildew. By being attentive to the plant’s needs and promptly addressing any issues that arise, you can ensure the continued health and beauty of Begonia peltata.


If you wish to propagate Begonia peltata, there are several methods you can try. Leaf cuttings, stem cuttings, and rhizome cuttings are all viable options for propagating this begonia. Leaf cuttings involve snipping off a healthy leaf and planting it in soil or water until it develops roots. Stem cuttings are taken by snipping off a section of the stem with leaves attached and placing it in water or a suitable rooting medium. Rhizome cuttings can be taken by cutting the rhizome into pieces with growth nodes and planting them in soil. By following the appropriate propagation method and providing the right conditions, you can successfully propagate Begonia peltata.


Begonia peltata, with its unique and striking features, is a wonderful addition to any indoor space. By following the care instructions outlined in this article, you can ensure the health and beauty of your Begonia peltata. From providing the correct amount of light and water to maintaining suitable temperature and humidity levels, each aspect of care plays a vital role in the well-being of this begonia. By being attentive to its needs, addressing any issues promptly, and propagating it when desired, you can enjoy the elegance and charm of Begonia peltata for years to come.


Please consult the references below for more detailed information and additional insights:

  1. “How to Grow and Care for Begonias”: link
  2. “How to Care for a Begonia: 14 Steps (with Pictures) – wikiHow”: link
  3. “Begonia peltata (Begonia peltata)”: link
  4. “Begonia Peltatifolia Care – Expert Tips!”: link
  5. “All You Need to Know About Begonia Care”: link
  6. “How to propagate Begonia | From leaves or cuttings”: link
  7. “How to Propagate Begonia: Step-By-Step Guide (With Pictures)”: link
  8. “Vegetative Propagation | The American Begonia Society”: link
  9. “Begonia Diseases”: link
  10. “Common Begonia Problems (Diseases and Pests)”: link
  11. “Begonias Are Super Easy to Propagate—Here’s How”: link
  12. “The Best Growing Conditions for Begonias”: link

Remember to consult these references for more specific and detailed information on Begonia peltata and its care requirements.