Discover the beauty and care requirements of Begonia amphioxus in this comprehensive guide. Learn about its unique features, propagation methods, and essential care tips. With its captivating foliage and exotic appeal, this rare plant is a must-have for any plant enthusiast. Get ready to bring the charm of Begonia amphioxus into your home!


Are you looking to add some unique and exotic house plants to your collection? Look no further than Begonia amphioxus! This fascinating plant, also known as Pink Spotted Begonia or Polka Dot Begonia, is sure to grab attention with its distinctive features. In this article, we will delve into the world of begonia amphioxus and explore its care requirements, propagation methods, and other helpful tips. So, get ready to discover why begonia amphioxus is a must-have for any plant enthusiast!

The Beauty of Begonia Amphioxus

Begonia amphioxus is a rare and exotic plant that was discovered in 1984 in Borneo. Its name derives from the spear-like shape of its leaves, which taper at both ends. The plant features stunning elongated leaves with a dark red thin border around the margins. These leaves are adorned with striking crimson or maroon dots, creating a captivating display. The leaves grow in different directions, resembling the wings of a butterfly, earning it the nickname of the butterfly begonia.

This gorgeous foliage plant can reach a height of up to 18 inches and a width of 16 inches. Its light green leaves with bold red spots make it an eye-catching addition to any indoor space. While begonia amphioxus produces small, unshowy flowers in its native habitat, it rarely blooms profusely as a houseplant.

Care Requirements for Begonia Amphioxus

To ensure the health and vitality of your begonia amphioxus plant, it is essential to provide it with proper care and attention. Let’s explore the essential care requirements for this unique house plant:


Begonia amphioxus thrives in bright indirect light. It prefers to be shielded from direct sunlight for more than two hours daily to prevent leaf scorching. Place your plant in a bright spot, such as near a window with filtered light, to meet its lighting needs.


This tropical plant requires warm conditions to thrive. Maintain a temperature range between 60-70°F (15-21°C) to ensure optimal growth and prevent temperature stress. Protect the plant from drafts and cold air, as it is not hardy or frost-tolerant.


High humidity levels are crucial for the well-being of begonia amphioxus. Aim for a humidity level of 60-80% during the day and 80-100% at night. To increase humidity, mist the foliage regularly or use a humidifier. Alternatively, you can place a pebble tray with water beneath the plant or cover it with a plastic dome or bag to create a humid microclimate.

Soil and Watering

Begonia amphioxus thrives in well-drained, rich soil. Use a peat mix or ordinary house plant mix with added limestone chips to create a slightly acidic to neutral pH (6.1 to 7.5). Water the plant three times a week during its growing season, ensuring the soil remains consistently moist. In winter, reduce watering frequency to once a week while allowing the soil to slightly dry between waterings to avoid waterlogging and root rot.


Regular fertilization is necessary to provide the necessary nutrients for begonia amphioxus. During the summer months, fertilize the plant once a month using an ordinary NPK fertilizer or a suitable house plant fertilizer. In winter, fertilize once every two to three months to accommodate its reduced growth rate. Dilute the fertilizer to a quarter of the recommended dose to avoid overfertilization.


To maintain a healthy and attractive appearance, prune your begonia amphioxus plant once a year or as needed. Remove any dead or overgrown leaves and branches. Pruning helps promote new growth and keeps the plant in optimal condition.


Repotting should be done annually, preferably in spring when the plant is actively growing. Choose a slightly larger pot that provides excellent drainage, as begonia amphioxus prefers well-drained soil. Repotting allows the plant to have enough space for root growth and offers a fresh growing medium.

Propagation Methods for Begonia Amphioxus

If you want to expand your begonia amphioxus collection or share the beauty of this plant with others, propagation is a convenient method. Here are two common propagation methods for begonia amphioxus:

Stem Cuttings

Stem cuttings are an effective way to propagate begonia amphioxus. Select a healthy stem with three to four leaves, ensuring it has no flowers or buds. Dip the cutting in a rooting hormone for better success, though it is not necessary. Insert the cutting into moistened potting soil or vermiculite, providing bright indirect light. Keep the soil consistently moist until roots develop, which typically takes around three weeks.

Leaf Cuttings

Leaf cuttings are another viable option for propagating begonia amphioxus. Carefully snip off one or two leaves near the base of the stem. Place the leaves on a moistened medium such as perlite, sand, or sphagnum moss. Cover the tray with a plastic wrap to maintain humidity. Within two months, the leaves will develop roots, and transplanting can be done. Keep in mind that leaf cuttings may take longer to establish compared to stem cuttings.

The Fascinating Begonia Amphioxus

Begonia amphioxus is undeniably a captivating house plant. Its unique appearance, with elongated leaves adorned with crimson or maroon dots, adds a touch of beauty to any indoor space. By following the care requirements outlined in this article, you can ensure the health and vibrancy of your begonia amphioxus plant. Whether you choose to grow it in a terrarium or greenhouse or in open air, this fascinating plant is sure to impress.

So, why not bring the charm and allure of begonia amphioxus into your home? With the proper care and attention, this rare and exotic plant can thrive and become a delightful addition to your collection of house plants.


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