Discover everything you need to know about caring for Aphelandra squarrosa, also known as the Zebra plant. From ideal growing conditions to common issues and propagation methods, this article is your ultimate guide to keeping this unique and vibrant houseplant thriving in your indoor garden.


Are you looking for a unique and vibrant houseplant to add to your indoor garden? Look no further than Aphelandra squarrosa, also known as the Zebra plant. With its striking foliage and beautiful blooms, this plant is sure to be a showstopper in any home. In this article, we will explore the different aspects of caring for Aphelandra squarrosa, including its ideal growing conditions, common issues, and propagation methods. So, let’s dive in and discover everything you need to know about this stunning houseplant!

Ideal Growing Conditions for Aphelandra Squarrosa

To ensure the health and vitality of your Aphelandra squarrosa, it’s crucial to provide it with the ideal growing conditions. Here are the key factors to consider:

1. Light: Aphelandra squarrosa thrives in bright, indirect light. While it can tolerate some shade, it may not flower as frequently or for as long without sufficient light. However, it’s important to avoid direct sunlight, as it can scorch the leaves.

2. Temperature: The Zebra plant prefers temperatures between 65-80 degrees Fahrenheit (18-27 degrees Celsius). Extended exposure to temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius) can potentially damage the foliage, so ensure it’s kept in a warm environment.

3. Water: Adequate watering is crucial for the health of Aphelandra squarrosa. Keep the soil consistently moist during the active growing season, but avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot. In the winter months, allow the soil to slightly dry out between waterings.

4. Humidity: High humidity levels are essential for Zebra plants. Aim for humidity levels around 60-70%. Placing the plant in areas of extra moisture, such as kitchens or bathrooms, or using a humidifier or pebble tray can help create the ideal humid environment.

5. Soil: Aphelandra squarrosa thrives in well-draining potting soil with a high peat moss content. You can use an African violet potting mix, as it retains water while providing good drainage. Avoid soil mixes with water-retentive crystals to prevent root rot.

6. Fertilizer: Zebra plants are heavy feeders, especially during the growing season when they require extra energy to support their growth. Fertilize the plant every 1-2 weeks with a balanced liquid fertilizer, diluted according to the manufacturer’s instructions. During the winter months, no fertilizer is needed.

Common Issues with Aphelandra Squarrosa

Like any houseplant, Aphelandra squarrosa may experience certain common issues. Being aware of these issues and their causes can help you address them effectively. Here are some of the problems you may encounter:

1. Pests: Aphelandra squarrosa can be susceptible to pests such as aphids, whiteflies, and scales. Regularly inspect your plant for signs of infestation, such as tiny insects on the leaves or sticky residue. Misting the plant with a solution of water and neem oil can help eliminate pests.

2. Fungal Diseases: Botrytis blight, Corynespora leaf spot, and Pythium rot are fungal diseases that can affect Zebra plants. These diseases are often caused by overwatering or poor drainage. Ensure your plant has well-draining soil and avoid overwatering to prevent fungal issues.

3. Leaf Issues: Curling leaves, yellowing lower leaves, and brown leaf edges can be signs of various problems. Curling leaves can indicate low humidity, while yellowing lower leaves can be a natural part of the plant’s growth cycle. Brown leaf edges can result from dry soil or cool temperatures. Adjusting the humidity, watering routine, or environmental conditions can help address these leaf issues.

Propagation Methods for Aphelandra Squarrosa

If you’re interested in expanding your collection of Aphelandra squarrosa or want to share this beautiful plant with others, propagation is an excellent option. There are two primary methods for propagating Zebra plants:

1. Stem Cuttings: Propagating Aphelandra squarrosa through stem cuttings is a relatively straightforward method. Select healthy stems that are around 4-6 inches long and have at least two sets of leaves. Cut the stem just below a node at a 45-degree angle. Remove the bottom leaves and optionally apply rooting hormone to encourage root development. Plant the cutting in a well-draining soil mix of perlite and peat moss or coco coir. Maintain high humidity by covering the pot with a plastic bag. After about 1-2 months, roots should develop, and the cutting can be transferred to its own pot.

2. Air Layering: Air layering is another propagation method that can be used for Aphelandra squarrosa. Make a small incision below a node on a healthy stem and prop it open with a toothpick. Wrap damp sphagnum moss around the incision and cover the area tightly with plastic wrap or foil. Roots should start to appear within two months. Once sufficient roots have formed, cut the stem below the root ball and pot it separately.


Aphelandra squarrosa, or the Zebra plant, is a unique and vibrant addition to any indoor garden. By providing the ideal growing conditions of bright, indirect light, adequate humidity, and well-draining soil, you can ensure the health and beauty of your Zebra plant. Being aware of common issues such as pests, fungal diseases, and leaf problems will help you address them promptly. If you’d like to expand your collection or share this stunning plant, propagation through stem cuttings or air layering is a viable option. With proper care and attention, your Aphelandra squarrosa will thrive and bring joy to your home for years to come.


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