Hi, plant buddies. So today we’re going to talk about the difference between an underwater, succulent and an over watered, succulent and what to do with them. If you ever have issues with either or both. Okay, so let’s start so guys. This right here is an echeveria Lola. This is a succulent that has been over watered. And let me show you why. I know that it has been periodically. When you guys water your succulents, or you’re just looking at them or even just right before you water them guys always check the bottom leaves and see how they are doing. So if I look at the bottom here because it’s, you know, it’s almost time for me to water. I haven’t watered this in over two weeks, so I thought, okay, maybe it’s time to water it right, but then I looked at the bottom leaves and guess what I saw. Do you see that leaf right there? That leaf, right, there is showing me that this succulent has been over watered. Okay, so let me go ahead and pull it so I can show you guys when I pull it. It just comes off, guys. It comes off really, really easily, and as you can see, doesn’t it Look exactly like the leaf that I showed you in the beginning. This leaf actually came from the succulent right here. Now look at this. It is still fat and thick, and it has turned yellow When I rub off the Farina and look, I’m not even pressing it. I’m just rubbing off the farina and it’s already watery. It’s already watery and mushy and soft. This leaf is completely dead from being over watered. Okay, that is a sign that your succulent has been over watered. When you see your succulent like this, do not water it anymore. It does not matter if the soil is dry. Do not water it. It has already received way too much water. That is what this leaf is trying to tell us and then. I want you guys to pay attention to the very end there. You notice that the end of this succulent is thin and it almost looks like it started drying off from there. While this side this outer end is still back. The reason why I want you to pay attention to that is because sometimes when you check your succulents really closely if they are over, watered just to see if they are over watered. Sometimes this part, this outer part right here could be completely healthy. It can look like that. It can look like that, and you think it’s perfectly fine, right, but then say, you kind of hit it or bumped it a little bit, and you took it out and the end. Kind of looks like this. You see that how it started rotting from the end because this succulent has been over watered if a succulent has been over watered, it typically starts to dry off at the end of the leaf, where it’s attached to the stem, not from the tip, where it normally starts when it is actually under watered. You see how the the crunchiness? This is the most crunchy part of the plant because that is the part. Oh, I’m sorry because that is the part where it starts to dry off for an under an underwater. Succulent, not here. This is the last part to dry up, okay, while an over watered succulent. It starts right at that end there, so that could be a sign. Also, if your succulents like this one wasn’t showing any sign, right, but then I kind of saw the bottom, and it’s that that means that the succulent has already been over watered. That’s that’s a kind of like, a mid sign. This is already pretty bad. This right here is obviously underwater. Do you see the leaves right there at the bottom? These are the very bottom leaves that it has. The soil is completely dry. I have not watered this for over a week and as you can see right here. I took the leaf off. It started drying from the outer tip of the leaf. That part is completely crunchy there. You could actually hear it completely crunchy, and it just started drying off slowly from the top to the bottom to that part that attaches to the main stem. And then this one right here after that leaf is what it’s drinking from. If I pull on it, it actually does not come off very easily. I actually had to wiggle it a few times for it to come off. Same thing happened. Right there you can see. The leaf is super thin and it completely just bolted off, but there’s actually still a little bit of water left right there at the very end of it. When I bring it up close to the camera, you can see, right. There it’s starting to dry off from the tip of the leaf. And when I press on it, it is a little bit soft. Um, it’s it’s it’s gummy, it wrinkles a little. It does not get watery or mushy at all. That is a sign that your succulent is being underwater. Now always make sure because over watered succulents can also show the same symptoms if the stem or the roots have started rotting, so always make sure that the stem of your succulents are completely healthy. There are no signs of rot. And, uh, if you haven’t watered your succulent in a while and it’s doing this, chances are it’s most likely underwater. Now, if you watered a succulent in this condition and two to three days later, it still looks exactly the same and has not plumped up at all. It starts to plump up from the top from the center of the leaves down if nothing is changing, and it keeps drying off. Then it might be time to check those stems and those roots for any signs of rot. Okay, let me show you guys. Another succulent to compare that has also been underwater. Um, the succulent soil is completely dry. I have not watered it for over a week and it is now in need of water, but the very bottom leaf is what you want to focus on. This is the very bottom leaf of this. Uh, did I say Echeveropolina? This is a graptovaria opalina. This very bottom leaf right here has started to thin out. You can see how much thinner it is compared to like this fat leaf, right here. It is starting to pucker and it is starting to thin out. And when I press on it, you actually see it wrinkle. It does not get watery. It gets wrinkly, and it feels gummy, and it’s it’s pliable. Now it has started drying off from the tip like I said, when it starts drying off from the tip like this and then going down as the plant slowly uses up its water reserves that is a sign of your succulent being underwater, so when your succulent shows signs like this, it means it is ready to water granted that you have not watered, You know that you have not watered in a while and the soil is completely dry. Okay, that is a sign that your succulent now needs water. When your succulent soil is completely dry, you haven’t watered in a while, but the bottom leaves still feel really firm and hard. It means that it is not ready for any water anytime soon. It does not matter if the soil is dry, it has more than enough water and its leaves to be able to be used by the plant so it should be okay. Always wait. You don’t have to wait until it’s gone this far, but always wait until you know that the bottom leaves have thin out a little bit. Just one or two bottom leaves before you water. If they are still extremely firm, it does not matter if you haven’t watered your succulent for a month. It does not need water anytime soon. That’s why I needed to show you guys a succulent. That is perfectly healthy now. The question is, what do we do, guys right now that you know the difference between an over watered, succulent and an underwater succulent. What do you do when your succulent has been over watered? And you see, leaves like this well one. If you’re confident enough that the succulent will be okay, it won’t rot because it’s happened to you before you can just leave it and do not water it at all for a while until it shows you signs of under watering like our grafter. Vario opalina over here, or you could take your succulent out of the pot and check the stem and the roots and let it dry out out of that soil for a few days. That is a sure way to save this Echeveria Lola right here. So we’re going to take it out, so lets. Just pull it out like so again. I haven’t had this for a long time, so it’s not even well established. Yet in there You can see as I clean it. The roots are actually completely dry. Actually, the soil is completely dry, so I don’t know it’s somehow still rotted. This must have started rotting after I watered it from the last time. And I just didn’t notice it okay here. Look, it’s already showing me that this leaf is gonna be is gone. Um, it’s already taken up too much water. It already started dying from there. You see that you see how it’s actually starting to thin out right there? So do you guys see that? Do you see how it looks almost the same there from under right there? It’s starting to thin out, and this is actually starting to look translucent. That is a sign that this leaf has already started to. It’s starting to die off. It’s taken too much water. It’s showing signs that it has been over watered so there. It is right there. That’s why it was important for me to show you guys this leaf completely healthy right out here, right, you wouldn’t even know if you’re just looking at your succulent, but right there. It’s already telling me that it has been over watered, so lets. Just remove this leaf because it is now useless to the plant. Um, you can try to propagate this, but when the leaf is translucent like this at the end, it will most likely not do anything for you. You just leave it out to dry like that for a few days until these leaves stop showing up because it might still keep doing that, and the leaves start to dry off like this or like this. That means that it’s, you know, starting to need water or you can cut off the stem just to make sure you can cut off the roots just to make sure that you save it from rot. In case there is any rot in that stem. Because I am me and I like to be absolutely sure that my succulent lives if it has shown me signs of over watering like that, although the stem seems. Okay, I always cut. I always restart as a cutting, just so I can see what’s going on inside the stem because rot can sometimes not show itself, but has already started now. If I don’t cut this and there’s rot, it could go. It keeps spreading, spreading all the way to the crown. And then I have absolutely no way of saving this Echeveria Lola at all. If there’s no rot, then I can just simply replant it. Once it starts to look a little bit dry, but I want to make sure because as a cutting, you could always restart it as a cutting and it will root, and then it will leave. It will live whether it has rot or not as long as you take off all the rot, just in case there’s rot. Okay, let’s cut. I will cut right above that dark area. Although it doesn’t look like there’s rot just to see what’s going on in that stem, I’m also going to take out, maybe not, but okay, here we go see you see how this stem did not show me that there was any signs of rot at all, but there was look at that. This is why I always advise to cut. The roots are completely dry. The soil was completely dry. Only a few leaves were watery and look our echeveria. Lola has started rotting, so lets. Just take off a few more leaves this. We will try to propagate these because they are still complete completely healthy. We just take off. Whatever leaves we can, and we can try to propagate those. Hopefully they do propagate and cut until there is no more rot. I am particularly particularly having this problem right now, because although I haven’t been watering rainy season has started here where I live and it is wet and humid every single day. It has been raining day and night for the past week, so I cut that off and there is still rot, so that means we keep cutting that brown and I am just cutting until I feel like all. That brown is gone and what we’ll do. Is we work callous this for about five days to a week or I might even just let it dry like this until it starts to grow roots before I put it back into fresh, well draining dry soil. Okay, then we will also put a little bit of cinnamon. Why Cinnamon Cinnamon has, um, anti-fungal natural anti-fungal properties that kill certain types of candida in the soil, and it can also act as an anti-fungal agent for the open cut, so lets. Just put some cinnamon over that cut. They say that this also helps the cut. Um, heal a little bit faster there. You go, guys, that is how you save an over watered succulent If yours has not gone that far and you’re watching this video. Hopefully it has not gone that far. Um, I hope this video helped, you know for future. Waterings of your succulent know. The difference between an over watered, succulent and an over watered succulent by understanding the condition of their leaves. This was over watered with leaves like this, and this is a succulent right here that is showing signs of underwatering and so is this one so again, guy’s reminder. If your succulent is like this completely firm, no signs of rot. Even if the soil is completely dry, it does not mean that it needs water. Always check the condition of your leaves, Okay, understand, the difference between an over watered and an under underwater succulent. They tell us when they need less water over, watered, not no water at all, completely healthy and firm and underwater, where the bottom leaves start to dry out so another reminder about this one. If your succulent has not been watered in a while, the soil is completely dry and the leaves start to do this. It is underwater. If your succulent, uh, looks underwater like this, but you just watered two or three days ago and it’s still the same. None of the leaves up top have firmed up. It means that it’s possible that the roots have already rotted or there is stem rot. So you want to check that, okay, so, um, one last tip it takes guys. It takes one week to kill a succulent by over watering. It takes months to kill a succulent by under watering so always, er, on the side, always stay on the side of underwatering because this is an easy fix. If your succulent is under watered, all you have to do is water it and it’ll come back to life. If your succulent is over, watered when it’s too late, it can’t be saved like this, Okay, It’s harder to come back from, so always try to wait until they look a little bit underwater like this. This is the perfect time to water before you water just to prevent your succulents from rotting like this one. Oh, and Extravaria Lola. Definitely not a beginner succulent, at least not for me. So this is Christine from these succulent buddies. Uh, don’t forget guys to like our official. These succulent buddies Facebook page. If you want to see behind the scenes updates of what happens with my succulents in my garden, please like and follow the succulent buddies Facebook page. We will have a direct link down below in the description. So I hope you guys enjoyed this video. Don’t forget to comment like and subscribe, And I will see you on the next one, thank you.