Explore the rich history and evolving significance of houseplants in visual art. From ancient civilizations to contemporary movements, discover how artists use houseplants as subjects, symbols, and reflections of our relationship with nature.


When you think of art, houseplants might not be the first thing that comes to mind. However, throughout history, houseplants have played a significant role in visual art, both as subjects and symbols. From the ancient civilizations of Egypt and Greece to the contemporary art movements of today, houseplants have been depicted and explored in various ways. In this article, we will delve into the history and evolution of houseplants in visual art, examining their symbolism, representation, and significance in different artistic movements and periods.

Houseplants in Ancient Art

Houseplants have a long history in visual art, dating back to ancient civilizations. In ancient Egypt, for example, plants such as papyrus and lotus were depicted in murals and tomb paintings. These plants held symbolic meanings, representing life and rebirth. Similarly, in ancient Greek art, plants like laurel and olive were often depicted, symbolizing victory and peace.

Houseplants in Renaissance Art

During the Renaissance period in Europe, houseplants became even more prominent in visual art. Wealthy individuals created orangeries, which were early greenhouses used to grow citrus plants during the winter months. These orangeries served not only as a practical way to protect delicate plants but also as a way for the wealthy to showcase their vast assets. Paintings from this period often featured these luxurious greenhouses and the plants they housed, further emphasizing their status and wealth.

Houseplants in the Victorian Era

In the Victorian era, advancements in architecture allowed for better heated homes and more natural light. This created an environment suitable for hardy houseplants, leading to their increased popularity. The introduction of the Wardian case, a type of terrarium, also allowed people to cultivate and display delicate plants indoors. Houseplants such as ferns and palms became fashionable decorative elements in Victorian homes and were prominently featured in paintings and illustrations of the time.

Houseplants in Contemporary Art

In contemporary art, houseplants continue to play a significant role, reflecting the changing attitudes towards nature and the environment. Many artists incorporate houseplants into their works as a response to the growing popularity of houseplants during the pandemic and increased awareness of the effects of climate change.

Artists like Ebony G. Patterson, David Kennedy Cutler, and Rashid Johnson use plants or plant-like depictions in their art to explore themes such as nature containment, domesticity, and the climate crisis. These artworks challenge traditional notions of still life and invite viewers to consider the relationship between humans and the natural world.

The Symbolism of Houseplants in Art

Houseplants have symbolic meanings in art as well. Like many natural elements, plants often represent growth, vitality, and life. They can also symbolize renewal, healing, and the cyclical nature of existence. The specific plants chosen by artists can carry additional symbolic associations. For example, the lotus flower is often depicted in Eastern art and represents purity and spiritual enlightenment.

In Western painting, botanical imagery, including plants and flowers, has been used for decorative purposes and to convey symbolic meanings. These meanings are often derived from sources such as classical mythology, religious writings, and medieval herbals. However, the specific symbolism of houseplants in art can vary depending on the artist’s intent and the context in which they are used.


Houseplants have a rich history in visual art, spanning from ancient civilizations to the contemporary art movements of today. They have been represented as subjects in paintings, sculptures, and murals, and have also held symbolic meanings related to life, growth, and the natural world. In different periods and artistic movements, houseplants have been used to convey messages and explore themes such as status, domesticity, and environmental concerns.

Whether they are used as subjects or symbols, houseplants continue to play a significant role in visual art, reflecting our ever-evolving relationship with nature and the environment. As artists find new ways to incorporate houseplants into their works, we can expect to see their presence and significance grow in the art world.