Hey, guys, how’s it going? It’s Tang and welcome to this video so today we’re gonna be talking about the wonderful colors of our seconds. Why they happened and how to achieve them as you’ve already seen my Instagram and maybe other peoples, but my Instagram, you’ve seen them on my Instagram, Facebook and definitely in my last tour video that I’ve achieved these wonderful, momentous beautiful colors in my collection this year and it is just absolutely stunning, right stunning, and you probably like looked it up. How do I get colors? How to stress these things, Yada, Yada, Yada, Yada, Yada, right, A lot of people probably give you the same answers and unfortunately. I’ve been watching a few of them and hope you know the mash. You got him pretty much wrong. In certain areas, certain areas that got right, but so we’re gonna learn about pigments today, the basic of pigments, and then we’ll go about, you know how to obtain these colors, so let’s do that, So our main three pigments is going to be the main one is chlorophyll. Not chloroform guys. No chloroform is when that’s chloroform Chlorophyll is the green pigment within all of our plants in our world and what it does is it converts light into energy through a process called photosynthesis. That’s pretty much life for plants. Basically it, and that’s basically it. So the next one is current annoyed, which is your red, orange and yellows and it actually does photosynthesis as well, but not as much as chlorophyll. Right, so you’ll see them in like your oranges, orange oranges, carrots and your lemons, right basic, you know, whatever and so those are there, right and our last pigments, which is the main one we’re looking at the one that actually causes the changes within all of our beautiful succulents, is actually called Anthocyanin. Yes, anthocyanin is responsible for your colors of. Reds, your colors of purple, pink and blues and anthocyanin is actual, not present in the plants until it is needed. Hmm, yeah, so anthocyanin is actually not present until extreme temperature or extreme light condition happens for that – for the plants to produce anthocyanin to protect itself from light and temperature, whether it’s hot or cold, pretty much simple, right Exactly. Although certain plants actually don’t produce anthocyanins, they have other means like Farina to protect yourself from the Sun and the heat. There’s so many ways, right, okay, so now you’re probably thinking thing. If Carotenoid isn’t responsible for the color anthocyanin, why do why do II change to Red Orange and yellows in the summer and most people will tell me it’s because its heat activated actually unfortunate, that’s not true. Carotenoid is mainly just pigments, you know, pigments to show colors and it does photosynthesis, but not as much as chlorophyll. Right, you see them in like. I said oranges, carrots, lemons and a perfect example. I want to show you here. Is this variegated? Black Prince, you see? So this variegated black prince has chlorophyll, Courant annoyed and anthocyanin all three at the same time. And yeah, that’s pretty much it all three at the same time. So the color that you see during the summer is caused by Anthocyanin. The Reds in the summer is caused by Anthocyanin. The oranges is caused by anthocyanins. The mixture of the amount of anthocyanin pigments with the chlorophyll pigments can cause orange right, pretty much simply it. So carotenoid is not responsible for pigment changes. Carotenoid is when a plant grows up naturally, and it is naturally those colors without the need of extra light or extra temperature. It is just as it is, right, another example. Is this one right here? This is a sedum Nagamasa, Mesaba. I changes into orange during the summer time because the leaf itself is actually light, green and a mixture of anthocyanin reds changes into orange Pretty much simple as that. So that’s that’s pretty much basic for the pigments. Now also, you have to understand that these pigmentations, especially current, annoyed and anthocyanin needs to be inherited like us like us with our genetic makeup, right like I myself. Am fair-skinned and Asian, so think of pigments as our melanin, which is actually pigments, Right, I’m born with fair skin, but when in the Sun, I tan really easy, so I pretty much. Have you know anthocyanin melanin? But Im and I tend Golden Brown, really nice easily versus other people where they just burn, so they have to put sunscreen on right and they’re cultivators around the world where they’re hybridizing, you know, constantly having these plans with these plants, so that way more anthocyanin is more present or more current, annoyed as present right because we love these luscious colors and the only way we can do that is hybridizing and hoping that a plant a baby plant is sorry, a baby plant mutates or carries on these genes from their parents to have these pigments. That’s pretty much simply it easy, easy. Peezy Peezy, B Republican girl. Okay, so now that we understood the basics of pigments, we can go ahead and do our tests or experiments and understand what we need for certain people right so. I myself live in an apartment in Canada, where I don’t have the luxury of leaving them on my balcony all year long because they’re just gonna die. I don’t have that luxury. I’m not as fortunate as others where they have a greenhouse or where they live in a climate, That’s pretty much summer all year long or in the Mediterranean. Where some of your all your long, right, I’m not as fortunate as as those other people, so we need to adapt to that if we want these beautiful colors, right, right, So a lot of people will tell you to stress them out, which is very, very true because we have to think back where these plants come from, they come from the desert and within the desert, you know, lots of light, extreme heat and very much little to no water at all right, so we need to go back to that basic as well, so our setup has to kind of emulate that as well, so the main three variables yet again is going to be light water and we’ll set a temperature like water and temperature, but mainly light and water is what we need to concentrate in this right, so our light source has to be the right light source and powerful and a powerful light source as well because one the Sun itself is an extremely powerful light source. You know that we know that everybody knows that except for? I don’t know if latter other people you know without our Sun, our our world will turn into an ice planet within months like that. No problemo, right, so unfortunately, even with the most powerful lighting system, it’s not gonna be as powerful as the Sun, right, so we need to get a lighting system that is very powerful number One number two. How long of duration would like need food? The plants need for light so the. Sun is powerful with the outside If you need, but outside you very much like six to eight hours of Sun a day and that’s pretty much it. That’s all it needs really, right, but indoors you have to think differently right to get the plants to produce anthocyanin. We have to pump it with a lot of light, a lot of stressful life all day long, right, so I used to do 12 hours, which is okay, you know, it lives whatever. Then I did 14 hours, and then it perks up a little bit more and then I went. I just went ahead and cranked it up to 18 hours a day. Yep, that magical number of 18 hours as actually, the key, the key number to changing the beautiful greens into the luscious, beautiful colors that it is right now. Yeah, 18 hours of light indoor lights is the key number for me. You know, other people might be different because I kind of pay for hydro. I don’t pay for electricity, right, so I’m lucky that way. That’s that’s the one main variable second variable, which everybody tells you is. Stop watering your plants, which is honestly true. They live in the desert. So do that water. The water is very important. The watering in between waters is also very, very important as well. I used to water my plants once a week and then twice a tart and then once every two weeks and then I just decided you know what why don’t I just water once a month right, and once I started decreasing the amount of water that it takes, the anthocyanins started pumping out even more, and I saw more purple or pink, more red so much easier so much easily. Yep, and you can actually increase the time in between that TV, so you can go from one month to two months to three months. Actually, there is a plant down there that I have that I have in water for three months now. And it still looks gorgeous, right, You have to stop water. You have to stop worrying about watering, succulent and remember that they live in the desert, right. There are actually a few more beneficial factor for you to not water. Your plants so very often, especially echeverria. You don’t have to water them that often other plants you do. Yes, so you have to eye that, but at you various, so the other benefits of not watering your plants so much is come accidents, right, more compact and chubbier form of the plants right. So when you when you when you see people watering more often, their plants grow bigger, longer and thinner versus what we want is smaller and chubbier, right, so that’s the other beneficial factor of not watering so much right, so grow into a more compact. I’ll show you a she right here. A more compact Rose Lotus type of form. Right, chubby, your form as well simply yet, and actually the last benefit which I find. Is that the less I water plants? The less mealybugs I get, which is wood heater every single time. I water something. There seems even be many bugs coming out interesting, but that’s that’s my observation, though, so anyways. And the last variable is temperature, simply throw it out there, lots of light, less water, more heat, more cold and it just changes colors, so temperature is really not really a huge variable that we need to concern yourself about. It’s the first to light and water. You need to adjust it accordingly. It’s that way you can get a beautiful succulents like this. Oh, my god, right. I should want to show you some few examples right here. This is my heart! Lily, my hearts Lily. And see how beautiful and gorgeous it is before. You know this experiment and used to look like this, which looks fugly, right. It looks so funny because well, you know, just now. It looks absolutely gorgeous. And then this is my graph to there beneath. See right here, right in different condition. I’ll show you these five pictures. So the first picture is when I first owned it. And then the first winter and then the summer time, then the winter this year before this experiment and right now, which is gorgeously peachy pink, right, so less in the water and more light gives you this beautiful, compact and compact looking color like looking plants, so that is pretty much simply. I started, that’s pretty much. How colors work within succulents. And I hope that, you know, educates a lot of you out there, and now that you understand more about it and hopefully that you understand to water less of your plants and not to worry about watering your succulents. They can go for months without water months and months and months and months and races. Hopefully you liked this video and you’ve learned something. And if you do a thumbs up, let me know how your experiment goes and don’t forget to press. Subscribe and Ill. See you guys later. Love ya bye you!