Hey, guys, welcome back to Kali plants. And for today’s video, We’re going to be comparing the succulents that you’re seeing here. Yes, so we’re going to be comparing Echeveria’s sedums grab the patallums and pockyphytums. Now these are the most common genera that you might find if you’re looking for succulents. So these ones are the ones that are most usually collected, so I just wanted to highlight the differences of these plants in this video, but before we continue on with the video, please make sure to hit the like button below and also to subscribe to this channel here at Cali plants, we always try to post informative videos about succulents, so if you really like succulents, then this is the channel for you now just to give you an overview on what we’re gonna be talking about. In this video we’re gonna be comparing these succulents by their origin by their name by their appearance and their growing habits and finally towards the end of this video we’re going to be comparing the differences that these plants need when it comes to caring for them. So the first we’re going to be talking about these succulents is their origin, so with the echeverias, they usually come from Mexico and South America, so there are a lot of echeverias in Mexico, South America and usually they are found growing in between rocks or in between nooks and crannies or on high slopes so they could be growing in between the rocks. Okay, I’ve said the rocks too Many times and their research shapes makes them very suitable for fitting in those nooks and crannies so that they can fill up the spaces there where they are protected from extreme sun. So that’s where you usually find echeverias now. Some other echeverias will also be growing in plains or in fields, so they’re not always found in rocks. Some of them can even grow in full sun. Their name Echeveria comes from, uh, the name of a botanical illustrator, which is Atanasho Achevaria Iguodoi. So I’m not going to pretend that I memorized that because I didn’t. So that’s Atanasho Echeveria igodoi, so that botanical illustrator, he probably drew a lot of echeverias in his time, which is why the plants are named after him when it comes to sedums much like the sedum pakifi alumna. This is not a specie of sedum. This is a cultivated variety. We have a species here, A Craigie eye and a trellise right here. So these plants come from Siberia from Europe from Europe from Asia from America and also from Mexico so compared to our echeveria and also compared to our other thicker leaf. Varieties sedums are much more widespread all over the world, and also there are very different type of sedums, which may not be succulents, so some sedums are not actually grown for their succulent leaves, but also they are grown for their flowers, so there are certain varieties of sedums like that and sedums compared to Echeverias, which are usually found slowing low growing Succulents, Sedums are more upright and they tend to grow beside rocks, which is why they’re called Sedums because the word sedum comes from the Latin word cedere, which means to sit, so they usually they’re looking like they sit on rocks, so that’s how they use. They’re usually found in the wild when it comes to grab the petalums and to Pakki Fightums, They are usually found in Mexico and also in South America, so they’re pretty much found nearby, these plants nearby echeverias and also probably nearby sedums. But what I found out when I was researching about them is that Pakistan’s are much more exclusively found in Mexico and no longer in other parts of South America. Now after petalumas on the other hand, they are much more widespread, so they can buy they can be found in different places in South America when it comes to naming them grub, Tepitalums are named for their flowers because Grapto means mark and petalum means petals, so grab the petals when they bloom, they have these marked peta’s, which distinguishes them from other succulents, and which is why they are called graptopetalums. Now graptopetalums can also be called leather petals in some countries for pakiphytums, their name, which means fat and phytum plant, so they are much more known as fat plants and here in the Philippines. Pakifitums are also often referred as Moon Stones because they look like moon, they look like the moon, and they look like stones and actually, in some other countries, they can also be referred to as living stones, which is another word or another name given also to lithops, but Pakistan items can also be called living stones because they look like stones that are alive. Yes, also another thing. I forgot about Echeveria. They can also be called as Mexican hand and cheeks, which is another name for sample vibrams, but they are very different plants. They have different genus. The sample vibrams. I think I have a semper vibram. Okay, over there, so ill. Just show you a picture of sample. Vibram simple. Vibram also tends to clump much like our echeveria, so our chavarria plants, the low-growing ones, they tend to form clumps as they grow, but there are also taller varieties of echeveria, like this one, which will tend to produce, which will tend to grow as little bushes, so they will produce like bush-like growth. They’re like bushes while some other will stay low and stay on the ground and stay small, even if they’re growing big, even if they grow a lot, they will still stay stay small and compact, which is a nice thing for some HR various because some other people don’t have a lot of space to grow plants and echeverias the low growing ones, they can be very good for that. But also there are actual areas which grows big, so there are Echeveria gibby floras that can take up a very big size, a very big space, so there are a lot very much a lot different varieties of echeverias. Some also could produce locus farina on their leaves like this on the Echeveria ice Green. This is Alawi hybrid. It get its farina from its lower parents. Most probably some other will not have that thick of a marina like this one and some others will really not have won’t have any foreign at all so like with this Echeveria Gilbert, which is a hybrid of Echeveria, agavoides and Echeveria elegance. So this plant doesn’t have a lot of arena, so that’s one way Achevarias can grow, so that’s one leaf type they can have, and also some other echeverias can have fuzzy leaves much like this echeveria. This is also called as Ruby sleepers, but its scientific name is harm CI. So that’s the appearance of echeverias when it comes to sedums, they tend to have. They tend to have a growing habit like a spiral. So you can see here at the sides of these sleeves at the top. It looks like our set also, but it can be it can form a, uh, formation like a spiral like this one like with this pachyphyllum so the leaves will spiral downwards. So that’s how sedums look, but some other will not have that much of a complex compact or rosette style. So this sedum Craig. I have a growth habit of a much more loose spiral, not as compact as the Australia CI. Julia say. And this pachyphyllum now also, some sedums can have glucose leaves much like our echeveria right here. So with this sodium trilliancy, it has a lot of arena on its leaves, but some other sedum won’t have that like our sedan packet phylum and also sedums as they grow. They tend to form upright clusters or upright clamps, so they kind of grow like a little bush. That’s how they grow, but some other sedums will trail downwards, so like with our sedum burrito right here, So some sedums will grow like this. They hang downwards pendant, They are pendants, so they hang in the wild. They’re usually found in slopes so where they can grow downwards from the top. So that’s just how they grow. Okay, let me just put this back now. When it comes to grab the petal looms as you can see here. So this is a graphic epithelium, this this and this one. So they tend to have a clamping habit of growth. Grab the petalumas are actually very fast, Propagators and also they produce babies or they produce pups on their sides very quickly and very easily and most usually these plants will have farina on them much like our echeverias, but I don’t think that I’ve found gravitations which are fuzzy or which are hairy, which sedums can be hairy, sometimes and echeverias there are varieties that can be hairy, but grape epitheliums they are usually on the more thick leaf and not hairy type. Okay, so they’re not the hairy type and they can produce Farina if they’re given more sun. But with less sun, they can produce less farina, and as they grow, they can produce little clumps that go up, and as it goes, it can hang down like this one like our graptopetalum mendozi, so it hangs down this marinade. I expect it to be hanging down also, and this goes splat this paragoyan’s as it grows, it will also tend to go up and then hang down, so that’s just how the plant grows, and also with the amethystine I’ve seen grape epithelium, empty synonyms, which are hanging from a hanging basket basket, so that’s just one way they can grow and also you don’t have to worry about them. If they’re going growing downwards because that can also be a natural way for them to grow now moving on with the pakifi tombs, they are usually characterized with their very thick leaves much like this pakiphytum obiferum and also with this compactum so because they are called thick plants living stones, they are usually found with very thick leaves now. The unique thing about Pacquiapa items is when it grows some of the varieties in it can produce like this faceted look on their leaves much like with this compactum now. The pacquiaphyte’m we read and also another type of tomb could have that look on its leaves because it brushes off the farina on it so it looks like a gem like a jewel. So that’s just a unique thing about these thick packify tombs, but much like the graptopetalums they can only have leaves, which are farina or leaves that don’t have Varinas. Some varieties will not have less farina and also they tend to grow upright. So unlike our grape epitheliums, which can trail down on our sedums. Some sedums can drill down. Um, Pakifi Items are usually found in bushy type growth. They grow upright and they produce little clumps of babies, so that’s how pakifitums grows as it matures, but they are usually they are usually found much more smaller compared to these other succulents because grab the petalumas they can produce large clumps, but pacquiaphitums because they are very slow growers, so you can usually find them in smaller clumps or usually they are found solitary if they’re not old enough now when it comes to flowering, which is usually the most important way to distinguish a plant, actually, people who are identifying plants, they usually identify them by their flowers. If a plant hasn’t flowered yet or if people haven’t seen the flower of the plant yet then they will not be able to identify it yet. So with these plants, they are pretty much sure about the genus of this because they have very different flowers, echeverias. They tend to have a flower stock or inflorescence. So the inflorescence. When you heard the word, hear the word influorescence it means the flower, the part of the plant that is the flower as a whole, so the inflorescence will tend to grow up in a stop and then it will hang down like that, so it kind of grows up, and then it hangs down like that, so it usually forms two stalks at the tip, which will hang down and which will have bell-shaped flowers. So that’s. The flowers of Echeveria. And that is very unique to the variety. Other plants in here won’t have that same Look of flower sedums on the other hand. Their flower are much much more upright and they flower outward, so they don’t hang their flowers down. They flower much like upward like that. So you can see here with this packet file. It’s just starting to bloom, but you can see that the flower stock is going up, and I expect it to bloom upwards like that so that that’s the difference with Sedums and Echeverias because Echeverias will have that hanging style flowers with the grub. Tepitalums they tend to have it tends to have much more smaller flower stalks. I believe now. I haven’t seen this plant flowered in my care. So none of these kept up that i’m so flowered. Maybe I haven’t been giving them the right condition to flower, but they tend to have a flower as I’ve seen online. They flower much more outwards and much more lower closer to their main body, compared to the sedum and compared with the echeverias pakiphytum flowers on the other hand, tends to grow up and grow out, and then it tends to hang down because the leaves and the petals on pakifitu’m, they are very thick, so they’re very cute when they are flowering, it hangs down. Yeah, I haven’t seen any of my pocket. Fighters bloom either, but it is very different with echeverias. I’ve seen the flowers of these plants online and the flowers look also like a bell shape, but they have much more thicker leaves and petals and sepals on them compared with echeverias, which have thinned thin leaves on their flower stalks, bucky. Phyton blooms are very pretty, very cute, but they can also be very different compared to these other plants, which is why they are in a different genus compared with others. So that’s how we usually identify plants. That’s how people scientists identify plants by their differences in their blooming now. Finally, we’re gonna moving on the differences when it comes to care now. Most of these plants you find here. You’re looking at here are full sun plants, so they grow best when they’re given at least six hours of direct sun or five to six hours of direct sun and they can grow even better if they’re given filtered sun for the whole day, much like here at the greenhouse. So you can see that the plants I’ve got here are very compact. None of them are escalating so far so because they are getting the right amount of light, also with the potting mix, its best to use a fast draining potting mix for them and pots. Its best to use spots that have drainage holes in them, so don’t use spots that have clothes that pots that are closed, which doesn’t have any sort of drainage because those pots will collect water and it will make the plant rot. Make the plant mushy, so its best also. If you can get it Clay pots for these plants. I usually go with clay pots. If I’m not yet sure on how to care for a specific plant, so if they’re always thirsty in a clay pot, then I will move them to a plastic pot, but if they are if they are not that thirsty in a clip, But then I will stick with the clay pad for them, so that’s. How I, uh, gauge my care for my succulents? Now, also when it comes to their growing seasons. The only one that is different Is our echeveria. These plants are summer growers, which means they are dormant during the winter. Actually, I’ve read so many times before online that Echeverias will tend to lose their leaves when it is cold enough when it’s the middle of the winter, so they will tend to drop leaves. They will lose their size and the same goes with other succulents when it’s not their growing season. So for example, with sedums, they will tend to drop leaves during the summer because they’re dormant in summer and they’re more active during the winter time so to avoid that to avoid much dormancy or stress on your plant, you can try growing them indoors where the temperature is much more regulated because outdoors, you have to rely on the environment for the temperature, but indoors you can regulate the temperature and you can have them growing evenly all throughout the year because they are indoors, they are more protected from extreme heat and cold, but usually if you’re growing them outdoors or if you don’t have an indoor space for them, you will find much more growth on echeverias during the summer and much more growth on Sedums, graptopetalums and pack of items during the winter. Now also, you have to keep this in mind that if it’s not their growing season, you don’t have to water them a lot because they will not drink up a lot of water and also that will contribute to their dropping of leaves. So if you water echeverias a lot during the winter, they will drop their leaves and also. If you water your sedums a lot During the summer, they will drop their leaves, so you only have to give them much more consistent watering during their growing season, so sedums water them a lot during the winter, same with the grab, the metallums and the pacquiaphitums and also don’t expect them to produce a lot of growth when it’s not their growing season or when they are stressed so pakiphytums you will know if they need water if they are already flappy or if the leaves are already droopy and wrinkled, same with the graptopetalum. If the if it’s a wide leaf plant if it’s a widely wide leaf plant, you can pinch its sleeves to know if it needs water. So that’s how you can tell with our smaller leaved ones. If they are no longer shiny, then you can already water them same. With the sedums, you can also have wrinkling on the sleeves if it’s thirsty, or if it’s no longer shiny or vibrant in color, then that probably means it needs water with our chivaria. You can also touch their bottom leaves to check if they are thirsty, so if the bottom leaves are not plump, then that’s how you know that it already needs watering so these plants of mine, they’re already they’re still plump, so they don’t need watering yet, So I’m just gonna have to wait for them to become wrinkled before I water them, so for example. This is just an example of a wrinkle plant. This is not yet an established sedum, which is why it’s getting a lot of wrinkling on the sleeves. Yes, now if you’re just starting with succulents, and you want to collect a lot of these varieties, you will find that the one with the most variation is the sedums there are already 500 varieties of sedums out there you can collect, so there’s too many I will not be able to collect them all with the echeverias. There are about 150 varieties, but because they are the most cultivated of all these varieties, echeverias have the most cultivars, so there are about more than one thousand different cultivars or hybrids of Echeverias pakifitums on the other hand. I’ve looked it up online and there are about 30 varieties of pocky pythons, which probably include the hybrids that are purely pachyphytum so there are about 30 varieties, so there are much more or less. There are less varieties of Pakki phytums while the grub tepitalums they have the least amount of varieties there are about only 12 varieties of graptopetalum, so around 12 or 15 varieties of graptopetalums out there. So if you’re one who wants to collect, um, much less varied plants then grab the dialogues may be the one for you and also grab graptopetalums. What I found is the most adaptable when it comes to tropical countries when it comes to tropical climates, Grape epiderms are actually very popular here in the Philippines. Now, when it comes to pests and problems, I would say that the sedums are the most resistant when it resistant when it comes to pests and problems, Sedums are actually very vigorous growers. If you give them the right amount of care that they need, they are very low maintenance, and they don’t need to be watered very often, and they don’t have a lot of problems with pests. Same with the paki’s with the graptopetalums. Now the only problem with with echeverias and with Pakistan’s. They are more of a magnet when it comes to pests compared to these other plants. But if you can give them the right amount of care that they need, you will also find that they’re not very much. They don’t tend to get a lot of insects very quickly, So if you neglect them, they can get insects, But what I would say. The sedums are the ones that are most resistant to best. Now I share a lot more information when it comes to caring for the succulents on my channel. I have another playlist for when it comes to problems with succulents. So if you want to know more about how to care for these plants, please make sure to subscribe down below and also to check out my other videos on the channel. There are a lot of playlists that I made in there. That are specific. If you need a specific info about these plans and also, I made specific videos for some other varieties that you’re seeing here, so make sure to check that out on the channel and so. I think that’s about it for this video. If you want to see me, compare other succulents in the future, make sure to comment down below. I will try to make another video. If you really want to request a specific type of species or specific type of comparison, I will do it later on. Just comment down below. And that’s about it for this video, guys. I will see you on the next one bye.