Discover how to care for Ruellia makoyana, also known as Trailing Velvet Plant or Monkey Plant. Learn about its light, watering, temperature, humidity, pruning, repotting, soil, and propagation requirements. Find solutions to common problems and enhance your houseplant collection with this stunning and unique plant.


Are you looking for a beautiful and unique house plant to add to your collection? Look no further than Ruellia makoyana, also known as Trailing Velvet Plant or Monkey Plant. With its stunning velvety leaves and purple undersides, this plant is sure to capture your attention. But what exactly is Ruellia makoyana, and how do you care for it? In this article, we will explore the different aspects of this fascinating houseplant, including its care requirements, propagation methods, and common issues. By the end of this article, you’ll have all the knowledge you need to successfully care for and enjoy your Ruellia makoyana.

Light Requirements

Ruellia makoyana, also known as Trailing Velvet Plant, thrives in bright light conditions. However, it should be kept away from direct sunlight, as this can scorch its delicate leaves. To ensure even growth, it is recommended to rotate the pot regularly, allowing all sides of the plant to receive adequate light. If you notice the plant leaning towards one side, it is an indication that it needs more light.


Proper watering is crucial for the health of your Ruellia makoyana. During the growing season, which is typically spring to summer, water the plant thoroughly to ensure the soil remains moist. However, be mindful of overwatering, as it can lead to root rot and other issues. In the cold season, reduce watering, but make sure to keep the soil from completely drying out. A good practice is to check the moisture level by inserting your finger about an inch into the soil; if it feels dry, it’s time to water.


Ruellia makoyana thrives in average room temperature, ideally around 65 to 75°F (18 to 24°C). It can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures but should be protected from cold drafts. Avoid placing the plant near windows or doors during the winter months, as the temperature fluctuations can be harmful.


This houseplant prefers humid conditions, mimicking its natural habitat. To increase humidity, you can use a wet pebble tray or a cool mist humidifier. Placing the plant near other plants can also help create a microclimate with higher humidity. Regular misting of the leaves with water can provide temporary relief from dry indoor air.


During the growing season, which is spring to summer, Ruellia makoyana benefits from monthly feeding with a water-soluble fertilizer. Choose a fertilizer that is rich in phosphorous to promote healthy growth and encourage blooming. However, it’s important to avoid fertilizing during the cold season, as the plant’s growth slows down.


Regular pruning is necessary to maintain the neat appearance and shape of Ruellia makoyana. Remove dead blooms and leaves to prevent them from draining energy from the plant. Additionally, pinching off the growing tips can help promote bushier growth and create a fuller plant. Pruning can be done throughout the year, as needed.


As Ruellia makoyana grows, it may become pot-bound and require repotting. This is typically done during the growing season when the plant is actively growing. Choose a slightly larger pot with drainage holes to ensure proper water drainage. Use a well-draining potting mix that is rich in organic matter to provide the necessary nutrients for the plant’s growth.


The best soil for Ruellia makoyana is one that is rich in organic matter and well-draining. Most multi-purpose potting mixes are suitable for this plant. However, it’s important to ensure that the soil retains moisture without becoming waterlogged. Adding perlite or sand to the soil mix can improve drainage if needed.


If you want to expand your collection or share Ruellia makoyana with friends, propagation is the way to go. This houseplant can be propagated from stem cuttings. Take 4-6 inch cuttings with 2-3 leaf nodes and dip them in rooting hormone to promote root growth. Plant the cuttings in moist, well-draining soil and provide warm and bright conditions until roots develop. Once the new plant has established roots, it can be treated like a mature Ruellia makoyana.

Common Problems

Like any houseplant, Ruellia makoyana can face a few common issues. Underwatering can cause flower bud drop, while wilted and drooping leaves indicate insufficient moisture. On the other hand, overwatering can lead to brown soft leaf spots and root rot. Low humidity can result in brown leaf tips and edges. Lack of blooms can be due to inadequate light, excessive nitrogen-rich fertilizer, or underwatering. Leaf spots can occur from exposure to direct sunlight, and cold temperatures can cause leaf curl and drop.

It’s important to monitor your Ruellia makoyana closely and address any issues promptly to ensure its well-being.

In conclusion, Ruellia makoyana, or Trailing Velvet Plant, is a beautiful and unique houseplant that can bring a touch of elegance to any indoor space. By providing the right light, water, temperature, and humidity conditions, along with regular pruning and fertilization, you can enjoy a thriving and vibrant Ruellia makoyana in your home. Don’t be afraid to propagate this plant and share its beauty with others. With proper care and attention, Ruellia makoyana can be a stunning addition to your houseplant collection.


[^1]: Ruellia makoyana Care | Trailing Velvet Plant, Grow, and Care Indoors. (n.d.). Home Plants Guide. <a href=”“>](

[^2]: Ruellia Makoyana: How To Cultivate The Colorful Monkey Plant. (n.d.). Plant Care Today. <a href=”“>](

[^3]: MONKEY PLANT Care | RUELLIA MAKOYANA Care Indoors. (n.d.). Plant Samurai. <a href=”“>](

[^4]: Monkey plant (Ruellia makoyana). (n.d.). Backyard Gardener. <a href=”“>](