Learn how to care for Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum, also known as Philodendron micans or velvet-leaf philodendron. Discover the best lighting, soil, watering, and temperature conditions for this beautiful and low-maintenance houseplant. Find out how to propagate and prune it, and learn how to prevent common pests and problems. Whether you're a seasoned plant enthusiast or a beginner, this detailed guide has everything you need to know about growing and caring for Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum.

Introduction

Are you looking for a houseplant that is not only beautiful but also easy to care for? Look no further than the Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum, also known as Philodendron micans or velvet-leaf philodendron. This stunning houseplant is not only visually appealing but also offers a range of benefits, including air purification and stress reduction. In this article, we will provide a detailed guide on how to grow and care for Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum. Whether you’re a seasoned plant enthusiast or a beginner looking to add some greenery to your space, this article will have you covered.

Lighting

Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum prefers bright to medium indirect light. While it can tolerate lower light conditions, it thrives in brighter settings. It is important to protect the plant from prolonged periods of direct sunlight, as it can scorch the leaves. An ideal location for this plant would be near a north or east-facing window where it can receive bright, filtered light throughout the day.

Soil

Choosing the right soil mixture is crucial for the health and growth of your Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum. It requires an airy, moist, and well-draining soil mixture that is rich in organic matter. A suggested potting mix is 1 part potting soil, 1 part orchid bark, 1 part perlite, and 1 part peat moss or coco coir. This mixture provides adequate drainage while retaining enough moisture for the plant’s roots.

Watering

Knowing when and how to water your Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum is essential for its overall well-being. Water the plant when the top 2-3 inches of the soil have dried out. It is important to allow the soil to dry out between waterings to prevent overwatering and root rot. One of the signs that your plant needs water is when the leaves start to droop and curl slightly. However, be cautious not to let the plant sit in water, as it can lead to root issues. Remember, it is always better to underwater than overwater this plant.

Temperature and Humidity

Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum thrives in warm temperatures, ideally between 65°F and 80°F (18°C and 27°C). It can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures but should be protected from drafts and cold, as it is a tropical plant. This variety of Philodendron also prefers average household humidity levels. If the air in your home is particularly dry, you can increase humidity levels by using a room humidifier, placing the plant on a humidity tray filled with water, or misting it regularly.

Fertilizer

Light fertilization with a balanced all-purpose fertilizer during the spring and summer months can help boost the growth of Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum. However, it is important to note that a soil mixture rich in organic matter may not require heavy fertilization. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging and apply it every 4-6 weeks. It is advisable to avoid fertilizing during the winter months when the plant’s growth slows down.

Pruning

Regular pruning is necessary to prevent leggy growth and encourage branching in Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum. The ideal time to prune this plant is during the active growing period, which is typically in the spring and summer months. By pruning the plant, you can shape it to your desired form and remove any dead or damaged leaves. Pruning also provides an opportunity for propagation, as the cuttings can be rooted to create new plants.

Propagation

Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum is incredibly easy to propagate through stem cuttings. To propagate your plant, select healthy cuttings with 4-5 leaves/nodes. Remove the lower leaves and submerge the cuttings in water until roots develop. Once the roots are around an inch long, plant the cuttings in a well-draining soil mixture. Place the new plants in a bright area, avoiding direct sunlight, and keep the soil lightly moist. With proper care, the cuttings will establish and grow into new Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum plants.

Common Pests and Problems

Keeping an eye out for common pests and problems is crucial to maintaining the health of your Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum. Common pests that may affect this plant include scale, aphids, fungus gnats, and mealybugs. Regularly check your plant for signs of infestation, such as sticky residue, webs, or discoloration on the leaves. If pests are present, treat them with appropriate insecticidal solutions or natural remedies such as diluted dish soap or neem oil. Additionally, ensure that the soil has good drainage and avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot or leaf curling. Falling leaves can sometimes be a natural part of the plant’s aging process, but it can also indicate under watering. If you notice mushy stems, it is a sign of overwatering or poor drainage. Adjusting your watering routine and improving soil drainage can help resolve these issues.

With proper care and attention, your Philodendron hederaceum var hederaceum will reward you with its lush foliage and easy-going nature. Remember to provide it with the appropriate light, soil, water, and temperature conditions. Pruning and propagating will further enhance your plant’s beauty and allow you to expand your collection. Enjoy the vibrant green leaves and the tranquil ambiance that this beautiful houseplant brings to your space.

References

[^1]: ‘How to Grow and Care for Philodendron Micans’. (n.d.). Retrieved from The Spruce
[^2]: ‘Heart-Leaf Philodendron: Plant Care & Growing Guide’. (n.d.). Retrieved from The Spruce
[^3]: ‘How to Grow and Care for Philodendron Rio’. (n.d.). Retrieved from The Spruce
[^4]: ‘How to Care for a Heartleaf Philodendron (Hederaceum)’. (n.d.). Retrieved from BigBoyPlants
[^5]: ‘How to Care For Philodendron Brasil (Heartleaf Philodendron)’.(n.d.). Retrieved from Leafy Place
[^6]: ‘How to Propagate a Philodendron 2 Ways’. (n.d.). Retrieved from The Spruce
[^7]: ‘Philodendron hederaceum var. hederaceum’. (n.d.). Retrieved from North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox