Discover the fascinating origins of popular indoor plants, from ancient civilizations to today's trends. Explore how cultural influences, design trends, and the desire for connection with nature have shaped the evolution of indoor plants. From Victorian ferns to modern succulents, learn how these green companions have captivated our imaginations and enhanced our living spaces. Find out how the COVID-19 pandemic has fueled the resurgence in plant ownership and the global plant community.


Have you ever wondered about the origins of the popular indoor plants that adorn our homes and offices? From the lush ferns of the Victorian era to the trendy succulents of today, indoor plants have a rich history that spans centuries and continents. In this article, we will delve into the captivating history and evolution of popular indoor plants, exploring how they have evolved over time and the cultural influences that have shaped their journey.

Origins in Ancient Civilizations

The practice of indoor gardening with potted plants can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as the Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Indians, and Chinese. These early societies cultivated plants in both outdoor and indoor spaces, with the Hanging Gardens of Babylon being a notable example. Built in what is now modern-day Iraq, these magnificent gardens showcased the foliage of the king’s wife’s homeland and exemplified the love of nature during ancient times[^3][^4].

Rise of Indoor Plants in Europe

During the Middle Ages in Europe, indoor plants were primarily found in monasteries and were grown for practical purposes such as food and medicine. However, it was during the Renaissance period that the popularity of indoor plants began to grow. Orangeries, which were dedicated spaces for growing citrus trees, became fashionable, and the exploration of new lands brought an influx of new-world foliage to Europe[^1].

With the advent of central heating in the 19th century, ordinary homes started resembling the cozy living spaces we know today. This allowed for the cultivation of a wide variety of indoor houseplants to flourish. Ferns, in particular, became immensely popular during this period, along with other plants like Cast Iron Plants and Kentia Palms[^1].

20th Century Trends

The trends in indoor plants continued to shift throughout the 20th century, influenced by changing architectural styles and cultural preferences. In the 1960s and 1970s, there was a reverence for greenery and nature, which led to the creation of indoor jungles filled with plants like Pothos varieties and Staghorn Ferns. The 1980s and 1990s saw a shift towards minimalistic and futuristic designs, with plant styling taking a backseat. However, the orchid surged in popularity during the 1990s, becoming a staple in many households[^1].

In the early 2000s, houseplants experienced a resurgence in popularity, with water-wise varieties like succulents, cacti, and Snake Plants becoming popular choices. This was driven partly by a growing interest in sustainability and the desire to have low-maintenance plants that could thrive in urban environments[^1][^2].

The Influence of Media and Design Trends

The popularity of indoor plants has not only been shaped by historical and cultural influences but also by portrayals in mainstream media and design trends. In the 1940s, women started incorporating potted plants in their offices and window sills, inspired by the warm domestic environments depicted in popular magazines and movies. Tropical plants such as bromeliads, birds of paradise, and philodendrons gained popularity in the 1950s, influenced by the romanticized appeal of an idealized South Pacific and the tiki culture craze[^2].

The baby boom and suburbanization in the 1960s led to increased demand for new homes and furniture, resulting in the availability of various plant species. Snake plants, begonias, golden pothos vine, African violets, and split-leaf philodendron were common choices during this period. In the 1970s, indoor plants were integrated into home interiors, softening the geometric and boxy architectural styles of the time. Hanging baskets in macrame and creeping vines on trellises, along with ferns and spider plants, were particularly trendy[^2].

With each passing decade, different design aesthetics and cultural influences shaped the popularity of indoor plants. The 1980s saw a preference for large, spa-like bathrooms with dramatic plants like palms. The 1990s embraced bamboo and the fetishization of Asian influences, leading to collections of cacti and succulents. In the 2000s, the Tuscan style became popular, featuring silver-toned greenery like eucalyptus and the fiddle-leaf fig. Minimalism and Scandinavian-inspired design gained prominence later in the decade[^2].

The Revival of Indoor Plants and the COVID-19 Effect

In recent years, there has been a resurgence in the popularity of indoor plants, driven by a desire to reconnect with nature, create greener living spaces, and improve well-being. Social media platforms like Instagram have played a significant role in popularizing plant-filled interiors, with hashtags such as #urbanjungle and #plantgang gaining thousands of followers. This has led to a renewed appreciation for the beauty and benefits of indoor plants and has sparked a global plant community.

The COVID-19 pandemic further increased the interest in houseplants, as people spent more time at home and sought ways to create soothing and inspiring environments. Plant sales reached an all-time high, with many individuals finding solace and companionship in their leafy housemates. This unprecedented surge in plant ownership has not only contributed to the well-being of individuals but has also provided a significant boost to the horticultural industry[^3][^8].


The history and evolution of popular indoor plants trace back to ancient civilizations and have been influenced by cultural preferences, design trends, and the desire for connection with nature. From the opulent greenhouses of the Victorian era to the contemporary urban jungles of the 21st century, indoor plants have continued to captivate our imaginations and enhance our living spaces. Whether you prefer the classic elegance of a Boston fern or the modern simplicity of a monstera, indoor plants have become an integral part of our homes and workplaces, bringing beauty, tranquility, and a touch of nature indoors.


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[^2]: The Most Iconic Houseplant Trends Through the Decades. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^3]: Houseplant – Wikipedia. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^4]: History Of The Houseplant – Learn About Historical Houseplants. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^5]: When did they get into our homes? A brief history of houseplants. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^6]: The Most Popular Houseplants of the Last 100 Years from the Better Homes & Gardens Archives. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^7]: A Brief History of Houseplants – The Scientific Gardener. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^8]: From the Wild – our Houseplants and their Globetrotting History. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^9]: A potted history of houseplants. (n.d.). Retrieved from