Discover how to care for Epiphyllum oxypetalum, also known as the Queen of the Night. Learn about its light and temperature requirements, soil preferences, watering needs, and tips for promoting healthy growth and blooming. Bring enchantment into your home with this remarkable house plant.

Introduction

Are you looking to add some unique and exotic house plants to your collection? Epiphyllum oxypetalum, also known as the Queen of the Night, is a stunning and fascinating plant that is sure to capture your attention. In this article, we will explore the different aspects of caring for Epiphyllum oxypetalum, including its light and temperature requirements, soil preferences, watering needs, and tips for promoting healthy growth and blooming. So, if you are ready to dive into the world of this enchanting plant, keep reading!

Light and Temperature

Epiphyllum oxypetalum thrives in bright indirect sunlight. While it can tolerate a few rays of direct sunlight, especially in the morning, it should be protected from intense afternoon sun to prevent scorching or white scabbing. It is best to place the plant in a location with excellent indirect sunlight, such as near a window with a sheer curtain. In terms of temperature, Epiphyllum oxypetalum enjoys a range of 50 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit (10 to 32 degrees Celsius). It is hardiest in USDA Zones 10 to 11, but it can be grown indoors or outdoors in pots in colder regions.

Soil and Watering

When it comes to soil, Epiphyllum oxypetalum prefers a loose and well-drained potting mix. A suitable option is an azalea mix combined with perlite, bark, cocoa chips, or pumice. These materials provide good drainage and prevent waterlogged conditions that can lead to root rot. Avoid growing Epiphyllum oxypetalum directly in the ground, as it prefers the well-drained and airy environment of a pot.

Watering Epiphyllum oxypetalum requires a delicate balance. As a succulent plant, it can store water in its stems, but it still needs regular watering during the growing season. The goal is to keep the potting mix slightly moist, but not overly soggy. It is important to allow the top 1/3 of the potting mix to dry out before watering again. In winter, watering should be reduced, and the plant can be placed in a cooler location. Remember to always water the soil and not the plant’s stems or flowers to prevent rot.

Fertilization and Blooming

Epiphyllum oxypetalum benefits from conservative fertilization to promote strong growth and encourage blooming. Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer with a nitrogen level not exceeding 10%. Applying a 2-10-10 fertilizer in early spring can help promote healthy blooms. However, as Epiphyllum oxypetalum naturally grows in low-nutrient environments, overfeeding should be avoided. Fertilize every 2-3 weeks during the summer and spring, and withhold fertilization during winter.

Blooming and Propagation

One of the most captivating features of Epiphyllum oxypetalum is its blooming pattern. The plant produces large, fragrant flowers that bloom at night. These flowers are funnel-shaped and come in colors ranging from white to pink. They usually open in the evening, around 8 pm, and reach their full bloom between 12:00 am and 3:00 am, closing just before dawn. The flowers have a diameter of about nine inches when fully open. To encourage blooming, it is important to provide a cooler winter location for the plant, reduce watering, and ensure the plant never completely dries out. Once flower buds form, the plant can be returned to its normal, warmer location.

Propagation of Epiphyllum oxypetalum can be done through stem cuttings. Take six to nine-inch-long cuttings from last year’s growth with viable areoles. Allow the cuttings to heal for about 10 days in a cool, dark place. After the healing period, plant the cuttings in nursery pots filled with a suitable growing medium, positioning three to four areoles below the soil level. Water sparingly for the first two weeks and then water normally. Within two weeks, the cuttings should be rooted and starting to put out new growth.

Common Problems and Pests

Epiphyllum oxypetalum can encounter some common problems and pests. Overwatering can lead to root rot and a brown, rotting base. To prevent this, ensure the soil is well-drained and allow the topsoil to dry out between waterings. Pests such as mealybugs, aphids, scales, and spider mites can also affect Epiphyllum oxypetalum. Regularly inspect the plant for any signs of infestation, such as tiny insects or white cottony masses. Treat infestations promptly using rubbing alcohol, insecticidal soap, or other appropriate pest control methods.

Conclusion

Epiphyllum oxypetalum, the Queen of the Night, is truly a remarkable house plant. With its exquisite night-blooming flowers, unique growth pattern, and relatively low-maintenance requirements, it is a wonderful addition to any indoor garden. By providing it with the right amount of light, well-drained soil, appropriate watering, and occasional fertilization, you can help this plant thrive. So, why not bring a touch of enchantment to your home with Epiphyllum oxypetalum?

References

Reference 1

Epiphyllum Oxypetalum Care Guide — Top Secrets! (n.d.). Retrieved from <a href=”https://plantophiles.com/plant-care/epiphyllum-oxypetalum/“>https://plantophiles.com/plant-care/epiphyllum-oxypetalum/](https://plantophiles.com/plant-care/epiphyllum-oxypetalum/)

Reference 2

Epiphyllum Oxypetalum ‘Queen Of The Night’ Care Guide. (n.d.). Retrieved from <a href=”https://succulentplantcare.com/epiphyllum-oxypetalum-queen-of-the-night-care-guide/“>https://succulentplantcare.com/epiphyllum-oxypetalum-queen-of-the-night-care-guide/](https://succulentplantcare.com/epiphyllum-oxypetalum-queen-of-the-night-care-guide/)

Reference 3

How to Grow and Care for Epiphyllum (Orchid Cacti). (2022, October 25). Retrieved from <a href=”https://www.thespruce.com/epiphyllum-5212346“>https://www.thespruce.com/epiphyllum-5212346](https://www.thespruce.com/epiphyllum-5212346)

Reference 4

Epiphyllum Oxypetalum Care | Queen Of The Night Cactus. (n.d.). Retrieved from <a href=”https://www.bybrittanygoldwyn.com/epiphyllum-oxypetalum-care/“>https://www.bybrittanygoldwyn.com/epiphyllum-oxypetalum-care/](https://www.bybrittanygoldwyn.com/epiphyllum-oxypetalum-care/)

Reference 5

How to Grow and Take Care of Epiphyllum Oxypetalum. (n.d.). Retrieved from <a href=”https://gardenerdy.com/how-to-grow-take-care-of-epiphyllum-oxypetalum/“>https://gardenerdy.com/how-to-grow-take-care-of-epiphyllum-oxypetalum/](https://gardenerdy.com/how-to-grow-take-care-of-epiphyllum-oxypetalum/)

Reference 6

10 Tips for Growing a Queen of the Night Cactus – Garden Lovers Club. (n.d.). Retrieved from <a href=”https://www.gardenloversclub.com/ornamental/cacti-succulents/queen-of-the-night-cactus/epiphyllum-oxypetalum/“>https://www.gardenloversclub.com/ornamental/cacti-succulents/queen-of-the-night-cactus/epiphyllum-oxypetalum/](https://www.gardenloversclub.com/ornamental/cacti-succulents/queen-of-the-night-cactus/epiphyllum-oxypetalum/)

Reference 7

How to Propagate Epiphyllums from Cuttings. (n.d.). Retrieved from <a href=”https://gardenerspath.com/plants/succulents/propagate-epiphyllum-cuttings/“>https://gardenerspath.com/plants/succulents/propagate-epiphyllum-cuttings/](https://gardenerspath.com/plants/succulents/propagate-epiphyllum-cuttings/)

Reference 8

How to Propagate Epiphyllum Oxypetalum. (n.d.). Retrieved from <a href=”https://www.gardenguides.com/88215-propagate-epiphyllum-oxypetalum.html“>https://www.gardenguides.com/88215-propagate-epiphyllum-oxypetalum.html](https://www.gardenguides.com/88215-propagate-epiphyllum-oxypetalum.html)

Reference 9

Epiphyllum Oxypetalum (Dutchman’s Pipe Cactus, Jungle Cactus, Lady of the Night, Night-blooming Cactus, Night-blooming Caereus, Orchid Cactus, Queen of the Night). (n.d.). Retrieved from <a href=”https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/epiphyllum-oxypetalum/“>https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/epiphyllum-oxypetalum/](https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/epiphyllum-oxypetalum/)

Reference 10

Important Epiphyllum Diseases | 07 Major Issues You Might Face. (n.d.). Retrieved from <a href=”https://succulentthrive.com/diseases/important-epiphyllum-diseases-07-major-issues-you-might-face/“>https://succulentthrive.com/diseases/important-epiphyllum-diseases-07-major-issues-you-might-face/](https://succulentthrive.com/diseases/important-epiphyllum-diseases-07-major-issues-you-might-face/)