These are three Echeveria PVN or Perle Von Nurnberg. They came from one mother. So three leaves. Two are sort of looking identical, but that one in the center is growing quite darker compared to the other two. Hello there, my name is Liz. A self-confessed succulent addict. Welcome to my channel, growing succulents. So how do you decide which one should we keep and which one should we leave. When they flower, I would let them flower in the hope that it will have some leaves like this. These leaves propagate really well provided you pick them at the right time or when they’re still young, and not too old. We’re not going to worry about the flower because I’m not really saving the seeds. So this is like the seed pod. It’s still green so it’s going to take a while before that grows from the seeds. So you’re best taking them. okay. One of the leaves has broken off as well but then, they grow really fast. So they will, I would say… Germinate okay? From a leaf. They would germinate, If you keep them dry and in a cool place where there’s bright light, no direct sunlight, they actually germinate within like couple of weeks. You see a little pimple forming and within three weeks, the baby pop out. So the roots comes out first or sometimes vice versa. The baby pops out and the roots doesn’t come out for a while, so but they strike up really quick and I’ve already grown a lot of PVN from leaf cutting. So also, I have grown a lot of PVN from flower stalks like this that have leaves. So you should really… oh well i like to collect them, and this actually grow really fast. Compared to the leaf that was taken from the mother plant. So this one will strike longer, compared to this one. Provided this one’s you get them at the right time when they’re still young. Once they’re old, then you want to throw them away. So every single leaf that I see I would collect; provided there’s no mealybugs or anything. So you have to check for aphids. So that one’s got a dried up aphids. So just check the back as well. okay? So even up the top here that will still germinate. This one, there’s one plant here that looks like it might grow some heads. So anything like that, that looks like it’s going to be another plant, I will leave but i still take the leaves in the bottom. So if you have a look here down in the bottom here there’s already some dried leaves. So the lowest one. So which is this one here that might not germinate. So but it’s still got the little node. I don’t know what you call that little black dot thing at the end that, that’s where the new plant will emerge. So those on this ones might still dry up because it might be a bit old, but this one now; these ones are good. So I like to take them… Right up to the point wherein it stops is going to stop looking pretty. So if i take that off…See? There’s gonna be something missing. So I’ll leave it because it still looks pretty like that. But this other one here now, I’m gonna take off as well. okay i just flick it on the side. So if you can see from the bottom there, we just there you go. It just sort of Push it on the side left uh to right right to left doesn’t matte. It doesn’t have any preference, but the leaves we are going to collect the leaves. So by next year I’m going to have all this baby PVN. So now when I say mealybug, you have to watch out for anything that’s sort of white like that. You got to check it. and squash it just in case it’s mealy bug. And then turn over the leaf at the back. And at the front just inspect it. If you want to keep that. Because normally, I would just throw that away. The minute i see a little white thing like that, I would throw it away, but then my brain saying again that… “oh that’s still another plant.” But anyway so this one is good see that’s So this one is good. See nice and clean. but this one, okay it’s already deformed as well so it’s a good thing i broke it. Because I’m not going to keep that. because sometimes teeny weeny little mealybug eggs will stay there and it’s going to infect the rest of your plants. So the rest of them… So normally if there’s no mealybug i would still keep those ones but that one’s got a little white bit at the end so we throw it away. Get rid of that and then any dry ones we might as well… oopsie. okay. So this one as well… You say all the still a healthy looking leaves. No! That’s sort of not gonna grow. Any pups(baby) so it’s just gonna rot up and infect. So you can see the end now that’s sort of already getting some translucency. See the browning on the tip. That means that’s no good so we throw that away. And this one… Hello. You’re a different plant. But this one is PVN. okay. Now this one here this little two-faced one. So one was PVN and one is Purple Pearl. This plant. So I’m going to get the… Flower at the back. And it doesn’t want to come off. So I’m going to use my knife. There you go, done. And same drill. We remove that and there’s no mealybug. So it’s good. and we just go round and round and round. There you go. The other ones now that’s all from the flower. So we throw it away and this one’s. oh. That one’s the same thing. So that’s beautiful. So this one… Hang on. That might be a plant or one of the, it’s not a flower. So if, I suspect that it might be a plant, I’ll leave it. Again and we remove the bottom one. I’ve had this Echeveria Perlel von Nurnberg for about three years. I started with just one plant. One solitary rosette, and after about a year of having it in this pot, in this arrangement with the Romeo, it got attacked by mealybug. When it got attacked by mealybug, I remove all the infected leaves in the bottom. Because they root rotted but it left the central or the center plant still alive. So I left it and eventually it grew all these other rosettes. So from one plant, I now have six plants. Well it used to be eight plants but these ones have now dried up and fallen off. So I’m just gonna cut them off. Because it’s one, it’s unsightly and it’s not gonna grow anymore. There you go. And then that way, I can still maintain the beauty of this other rosettes that’s left here. These are now what’s left of our harvested leaves from our PVN. And these are the leaves that we have propagated. I’ve already separated these ones from the lot that I have here. So these are mostly what’s left of the dried up leaves. So there’s still a couple in there that are growing, or have little plantlets that has now formed. So from this container here, I would sort through my PVN. So this one’s now I still have to clean this up. So with the growth of our PVN. Some mealybugs and also some aphids would have been growing in the mix as well. So this is what happens when you grow your plants indoors. So I’m growing these ones under the grow light. So where these ones are, they are growing on the fringes of my grow light over here. So way, way, way, away from my grow light. So they still get certain amount of light, but this is no different than putting it somewhere next to a window or somewhere outdoors under cover. Where you get plenty of light. So it’s basically the same scenario. So now with this ones now before i do anything with them or transplant them or repot them or whatever i do, I have to clean them up and they would have some… So there are some little nasty at the end here. So can you see that little bit there in the tip there? That is a mealybug. So you’ll need to remove them before you do anything with your plantlet. okay. I’m just gonna go over here. So let’s go find… So this one here now, so this is an aphid. Aphid or aphids. Anyway aphids with an S I think. So okay. So that is a piece of aphids. Now let’s go find some more pests. Little pests, little pests, though I love you so much and you have the right to life, Still you will infect my plants. Even this one, so at the back here you have to check your leaves, propagated baby before you plant them. So I just leave them here like this and they will grow like those ones there. Some more than others. So these ones are Sinocrassula Indica. And this one doesn’t seem to… The mealybug doesn’t seem to bother them. But the PVN is loved by mealybug in this stage. In the leaf propagation stage. And so I’m gonna put this back and I’ll show you… Those ones there are all in the dark and these are my… Echeveria black Prince that are growing. So this is the scenario. So if you just leave them out here, the leaves will dry up but the babies will just grow like crazy and like root up like this. So my PVN have already experienced some plants (oh look at that cluster) rooted up like this once as well. And I have planted them. So from the pimple to the little bumps to the bigger bumps, to rooting up. So these ones are starting root. Started to root up already. So those roots even those ones you can see some little roots under there, that’s showing a little red root. Anyway so and once they get a little bit bigger, what I like to do with them is plant them up like this ones that I’ve just done a couple of days ago. So where are you?(talking to plant) So here so another this is just coconut coir. So just straight coconut coir. And so this one is another Echeveria PVN that I’ve already cleaned up and has rooted as well. So see the little plantlet that’s grown there? So once they have roots, I put them in my Coco peat or Coconut coir. So where’s another one? okay. I have another one here so that’s just another PVN here. So that one too. So if the little bump or the little plantlet is still small; as long as you have roots, I like to put them in the soil. So this is the best way I find to grow them really quick. So I’ll just stick that there and I would water this. The coconut coir I water it when it dries up. Sometimes every day. Sometimes every second day, and every couple of weeks. I will use a light dose or Powerfeed(seaweed fertilizer). I’m not advertising Powerfeed because I don’t get paid by them. So this is just a seaweed solution. It doesn’t have to be Powerfeed. So forget about the brand as long as it’s a seaweed fertilizer. So this is dynamic fertilizer and soil conditioner 400 or 500 mil Powerfeed. And pot in 1.5 liters. So instead of 500 ml, I use 250 ml, on 1.5 liter of water. And I spray my little babies with that. Actually, even a quarter even a quarter will do. Because I just go by feel. I just put about 50 ml in my seven liter spray bottle and that’s what I use. So that’s every two weeks. So now, from that stage there; once they get a bit bigger like this ones now, so this is the same plant like those ones. So some of them are a late bloomer. And others will get attacked by mealybug or aphids. So it’s very important that you check your leaves or your baby leaves, just in case they have some bugs on them. I’m just oh i thought that’s a bug. It’s not. So if they have some bugs, then you have to remove it or else the mealybug and the aphids will eat through the leaves, and also the roots. and your plant is not going to grow. This one now is so there’s three and a half months growth, on the late bloomer on a coconut coir. So this is just straight coconut coir. And this is a more advanced. This is the advanced grower. So this is also a three and a half months growth. But this one now, I’ve already put it on my Master Succulent Soil Mix, and this ones here are far more advanced PVN, but these ones the leaves were plucked in September. So what month is it now? So about six months. So this is like over six months old. So all of them. And then as I grow them, if you notice some leaves or loose leaves on the top of the soil there, it’s because i already removed again the bottom leaves of this plant. So to propagate. So to continue for the next generation. So this one is grown i grow that over put that over there. And also this one is the bigger pieces of leaves that we’ve harvested. They’re just a little bit slow. This one because it’s already old. That’s why it shriveled up and dried up. So that’s why it’s best to pick the younger leaves. Like this one, I find that I have more success with the younger leaves than with the older leaves. So now what do I do next? So this one’s now, I’ve already potted up. So now we are going to deal with these ones. The rooted ones… What I like to do with the rooted ones, is take this. Put on my coconut coir and then you just do a little depression there. And then just stick it there. So only the ones with the roots. I don’t put anything that doesn’t have any root. Because what happened is this. So this is my Echeveria Pink Gaya. So I’ve got one, two, three leaves. So that one notice something? This one is, look what I do. I sacrifice my plants just so to show you to make a point. So this one doesn’t have any roots yet. And yet I already put it in my coconut coir. And this coconut coir as you can see it’s wet and it’s being watered. I watered it last night, so today I probably wouldn’t water it. Because it’s still moist. It just depends on the weather and the temperature. As to the frequency of watering. So now if I lift this up you can see that one doesn’t have any roots. And since it’s being placed somewhere where there is moisture, what it’s doing is absorbing the moisture from the soil, or the coco peat. Now these two. This one is actually the healthiest looking. So that one’s already got a root as well. So it’s got a tiny bit of root there. So it’s sort of half half. And that’s why it’s sort of half translucent compared to this one. This one is really healthy. Because it’s already got a lot of roots. So healthy roots are able to suck up the water, and sparing the leaves to suck it up. And then this one is another. This is a Laui(Echeveria). That Laui see look at the roots of that one. Otherwise, I would not put it there if it doesn’t have a root. So this one is a Black Prince as well. They’re all rooted. So anything that has roots, even this one here. So that one’s already got a root on the side sticking out there. So I only put them again when they have roots. No roots, I don’t put them yet. Because I don’t want to water them. Because they would just rot away. Now this one now it’s got roots so all of them got roots. Okay. So now I can put that there sort of just make a depression. The roots will find itself or its way down into the soil. Which is a Coco Peat. So now, this one’s now… See this one’s here, this one doesn’t have obvious roots. But there I can see a couple of red roots, right on the tip there. So I don’t know if that is showing there or it’s blurry. But anyway, so that has roots. So I can also choose to put it on top of here or another. Hang on. This one I just hit it. Another way of doing this is, I could also plant it on the soil. So but if I were to plant it on the soil like say this one here. This is my Master Succulent Soil Mix. If I just put that there, that will also have say a 40 chance of rotting, because it will absorb the moisture through the soil. Because the soil is wet. So what I like to do as well with that one is put a layer of say coconut coir. So I’m not going to use that one. I’ll use this one so this is also my Master Succulent soil mix, but I’ll put a layer of coco coir because the soil in the bottom is moist. My Master Succulent soil mix is moist and this one will dry up really quick. But in saying that, I can also give it moisture really quick as well. If I feel that the plant needs some water. Or needed some moisture. But this is sort of just gives them a buffer zone of putting something that sort of got a half root on top. So they don’t rot. So this one now that one has got one root red root over there as well. So I don’t know if you can see that. But believe me there’s one small root there. So I just put that there and then this one now I can also put it here like so. And leave it there. So the root can absorb a little bit. But since that’s sort of halfway, I’m only going to water this pot based on these two. If those two roots will stick out in the next couple of days, I’m going to start watering this. But if not, I’m gonna leave it dry. Because it will still the roots will be encouraged to go down into the soil, where the master succulent soil mix is in the bottom. It’s quite a big pot. So where the Master Succulent soil mix in the bottom is moist. So they’re going to reach out for where the moisture is. But this one now, this one is… I’m not going to use this. Because I’m only using plants that have roots already. Like for instance… This PVN over here is long overdue for transplant. So this is just growing in coconut coir. So once these ones get to this stage now, I can remove that and this is very hard doing it with one hand. okay. So I’ll take it there and we go here, put you in there, and i’ll put some dressing on top of it like… That Romeo there. But anyway or i think taurus or something. So anyway, that’s another video. I can’t show you what’s going on in there. So this one now is now good and ready to grow… Like this one here. And in another three months time, these two… Well, this one at least, or maybe who knows it might have caught up with this one as well. So those two will be the same size as this one. Now this other lot here, so this one’s now… I’ve already, this is just for show. So I’m gonna have to plant some other plants here that has roots. Like my Black Prince here, that’s begging me to please please please plant me up. So this one but before I plant I’ll do the same thing. I’ll do some check first. Pest check. That’s what I’m gonna say. So before I put that in there. And in future vlog videos or Succulents & Coffee with Liz videos, you’ll get to see all these other bits here. So anyways, there’s a lot of things happening here that might be of interest to you. Avid succulent addicts and Avid succulent growers. So stay tuned for future videos.