Discover the wonders of Cotyledon orbiculata, also known as Pig's Ear, a unique and beautiful succulent plant native to South Africa. Learn about its different varieties, care requirements, and propagation methods. From sunlight and watering needs to pruning tips and common issues, this article provides all the information you need to successfully care for this charming house plant. Bring home a Cotyledon orbiculata today and experience the joy of nurturing this delightful addition to your collection.


Are you looking for a unique and beautiful house plant to add to your collection? Look no further than Cotyledon orbiculata, also known as Pig’s Ear. This succulent plant is not only aesthetically pleasing but also relatively easy to care for. In this article, we will explore the various types of Cotyledon orbiculata, their care requirements, and how to propagate them. Whether you are a seasoned plant enthusiast or just starting your indoor gardening journey, Cotyledon orbiculata is sure to delight. So, let’s dive in and discover the wonders of this charming house plant.

Cotyledon Orbiculata: An Overview

Cotyledon orbiculata, commonly known as Pig’s Ear or Round-Leaved Navelwort, is a succulent plant native to South Africa. It belongs to the Crassulaceae family and is renowned for its thick, fleshy leaves and vibrant blooms. There are several varieties and cultivars of Cotyledon orbiculata, each with its unique characteristics and appeal. Let’s explore some of the most popular ones:

  1. Cotyledon Orbiculata var. Oblonga: This variety is known for its finger-like leaves that can range in color from silvery-green to pale gray. When stressed or during droughts, the leaves may develop a purplish hue. Cotyledon Orbiculata var. Oblonga produces yellowish blooms, adding a touch of elegance to any space.

  2. Cotyledon Orbiculata var. Oophylla: With its round and white pruinose leaves, Cotyledon Orbiculata var. Oophylla is a true beauty. The leaves may have an egg-like shape and can add an interesting element to any succulent collection. It blooms in winter, producing lovely pink and red flowers.

  3. Cotyledon Orbiculata f. Undulata: This variety features undulating or wave-like leaves that resemble the shell of a scallop. The leaves are silvery green and covered in a powdery coating. Cotyledon Orbiculata f. Undulata can grow up to 50 cm in height and blooms with elegant magenta-colored flowers.

  4. Cotyledon Orbiculata var. Flanaganii: This variety stands out with its tall growth, reaching heights of up to 75 cm. It has finger-shaped leaves arranged in whorls of three and a reddish upper edge. Cotyledon Orbiculata var. Flanaganii blooms with bell-shaped flowers in shades of orange-red.

These are just a few examples of the captivating varieties of Cotyledon orbiculata available to plant enthusiasts. Each variety brings its unique charm and appeal to indoor spaces or outdoor gardens.

Care Instructions for Cotyledon Orbiculata

Now that we have explored the different types of Cotyledon orbiculata, let’s delve into their care requirements. Proper care is essential for the healthy growth and longevity of your Pig’s Ear plants. Here are some general care instructions to keep in mind:

Sunlight Requirements

Cotyledon orbiculata thrives in bright light and appreciates ample sunlight. It is best to place your plants in a sunny position where they can receive at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. When grown indoors, ensure that the plant is placed near a sunny window that receives sufficient sunlight.


Cotyledon orbiculata is a succulent plant with plump leaves that store water. It is adapted to survive in arid conditions and can tolerate periods without watering. To avoid overwatering, it is crucial to adhere to the “soak and dry” watering method. This means thoroughly watering the plant and allowing the soil to dry out completely before watering again. During the comfortable temperatures of spring and autumn, monitor the dryness of the soil to determine the frequency of watering.

Soil Requirements

Good drainage is essential for the health of Cotyledon orbiculata. The plant requires well-draining soil to prevent root rot. A suitable soil mixture for these succulents is 50% cactus potting soil and 50% sand. Sands or big elongated clay particles can aid in proper drainage. Ensure that the plant is potted in a container with drainage holes or planted in well-draining soil if grown in the ground.

Temperature and Humidity

Cotyledon orbiculata prefers warm temperatures during the day, with a minimum temperature above 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Nighttime temperatures ranging from 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit are suitable. In colder climates or seasons, it is advisable to bring the plant indoors or provide additional warmth using artificial lighting. Regular humidity levels of 40% to 70% are acceptable, and the plant can tolerate light rainfall as long as the substrate is well-draining.


While pruning is not necessary for the health of Cotyledon orbiculata, it can be done for ornamental purposes. Trimming away any diseased or weak branches, as well as excessively tall or elongated top shoots, enhances the plant’s overall aesthetics. Pruning can also stimulate the development of new lateral buds and encourage a bushier growth habit.


Cotyledon orbiculata can be propagated through various methods, including stem and leaf cuttings, offsets, and seeds. Stem cuttings can be taken from a healthy plant, allowed to callous for a few days, and then planted in well-draining soil. Leaf cuttings can also be taken and treated similarly, allowing new plants to develop from the leaf’s base. Offsets, which are smaller plantlets that emerge from the mother plant, can be separated and replanted in their own containers. Propagation from seeds is also possible but less commonly used due to the slow growth of Cotyledon orbiculata.

Common Issues and Solutions

While Cotyledon orbiculata is generally resilient, it can face a few common issues. Overwatering is one of the most common problems, which can lead to root rot. To prevent this, ensure proper drainage and avoid excessive watering. Pests such as mealybugs, spider mites, scale insects, and aphids may also infest the plant. Regularly inspect your plants and take prompt action if pests are spotted. Using neem oil or insecticidal soap can help control infestations. Lastly, frost damage can occur if the plant is exposed to freezing temperatures. It is advisable to protect the plant or bring it indoors during the winter months in cold climates.


Cotyledon orbiculata, or Pig’s Ear, is an intriguing house plant with a variety of captivating characteristics. From its unique leaf shapes and colors to its stunning blooms, this succulent is sure to add beauty and interest to any indoor or outdoor space. By following the care instructions mentioned above, you can ensure the healthy growth and longevity of your Cotyledon orbiculata plants. From providing them with ample sunlight and well-draining soil to properly watering and maintaining their temperature requirements, you can enjoy the beauty of these plants for years to come. So why not bring home a Cotyledon orbiculata today and experience the joy of caring for this delightful house plant?


[^1]: How to Care for Cotyledon Orbiculata cv. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^2]: How to Grow and Care for Cotyledon – World of Succulents. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^3]: Cotyledon Orbiculata Car. Oblonga ‘Takbok’. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^4]: Cotyledon Orbiculata Var. Oblonga. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^5]: Cotyledon Orbiculata (The Pig’s Ear Succulent) | Succulent City. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^6]: Cotyledon Orbiculata Care and Propagation (A Complete Guide). (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^7]: Cotyledon Orbiculata Propagation : 5 Best Ways | Succulent Thrive. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^8]: Cotyledon Macrantha: Care and Propagation Guide. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^9]: Cotyledon orbiculata Staghorn: Care and Propagation Guide. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[^10]: Cotyledon Orbiculata Var. Oblonga. (n.d.). Retrieved from